If there ever was a persistent complaint about the RX8, it’s that the RENESIS engine powering it is lackluster. It’s the same problem that many Japanese sports cars face, the powertrain doesn’t invigorate the driver. It’s probably why you’re here… To look for an RX8 turbo kit.
That includes cars such as the MX-5, GT86, and most other Japanese-built sports cars. The Japanese philosophy of building a sports car emphasizes driving purity. This means that the power figure tends to take a back seat most of the time. Hence, you’ll notice that many modern-day Lexus sports cars are still naturally aspirated, and even the new NSX balances power with control.
However, because of that, Japanese sports cars don’t perform as well in sales when compared to their peers. People like the feel of a neck-snapping supercharged American V8 that the Hellcat offers (Also swapped into Miatas). In Europe, people put 700 horsepower into a station wagon. Even the once shockingly rapid GTR is getting a bit long in the tooth.
But these Japanese sports cars have a tendency to be popular modified cars. The classic Japanese sports car is more so. So if you own an RX8, thinking it’s a bit down on power, you’re in luck. There’s room for upgrades to improve the power output of the RENESIS.
People exclaimed their disappointment in the RENESIS. Overlooking its reliability woes for a second, it just didn’t make enough power. The proposal to market the RX8 as more attainable and driver-friendly, along with stringent emissions regulations limited the RENESIS.
- 1. RX8Performance
- 2. GReddy
- 3. SFR
- 4. Turblown Engineering
- 5. Mazfix
- Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
It’s often compared to the engine it’s supposed to replace – the 13B-REW. The sequential twin-turbocharged rotary engine that powered the RX7. The turbochargers may have compromised emissions while increasing weight and complexity, but they were effective.
In fact, found in the most extreme state of tune, the 13B-REW could produce 276 horsepower and 314 Nm of torque. That’s compared to the RENESIS which makes 232 horsepower and 216 Nm of torque maximum. So the disappointment in Rotary fans wasn’t unfounded.
However, it’s not the power that’s the culprit. In fact, it’s mighty impressive that Mazda managed to extract this much power from the RENESIS. It’s the torque and the quality of torque delivery. With the sequential turbocharging of the 13B-REW, the RX7 never felt ’empty’, even at stock.
Forced induction mitigates the rotary engine’s inherent lack of torque. Hence, soon after the RENESIS’s debut, many tuners went to work attempting to extract more power from the RENESIS. Of course, turbocharging the RENESIS is a difficult task.
For one, it’s developed in the factory without forced induction in mind. The RENESIS was never meant to be turbocharged, so all modifications Mazda made to it were to extract power naturally. So any turbo kit had to be developed from scratch to fit the engine compartment and not blow the RENESIS up.
Thankfully, the experimentation and development period over time meant that it’s possible to turbocharge the RENESIS. Tuners found mostly positive results at turbocharging the RENESIS. It’s by no means easy, and it will probably be more expensive than you expect. But, if you want a turbocharged RX8, this might be the way to go for you.
Mazda RX8 Turbo Kit
Do take note that this only serves as a guideline. There are no turbo kits that are easy and bolt in directly. The RENESIS is a difficult engine to turbocharge, so perform your due diligence in researching prior to actually purchasing a kit.
Prepare to set aside $10,000 for the whole ordeal. Properly made turbo kits are expensive, and you need supporting mods to avert catastrophic engine failure. Also, before you even attempt to mod your RX8, make sure the engine is healthy. The only way to know is through a proper rotary engine compression test. Turbocharging a near-dead RENESIS will only end expensively.
RX8 RX8Performance Turbo Kit
RX8Performance Turbo Kit – $6,395
Perhaps one of the most popular RX8 turbo kits around. After all, where better to buy a major modification kit from than people who specialize in your exact model? Based in Florida, RX8Performance started with an RX8 it bought and developed parts from there.
It’s also a popular turbo kit amongst RX8 enthusiasts. If you’re targeting a responsive engine with a bit more power, then this kit is for you. It’s developed from the ground up to be the kind of turbocharged RX8 Mazda might build.
The kit is developed with drivability in mind. This means that the RENESIS’s approachability must be maintained. A well-behaved turbocharged RENESIS that delivers punchy torque yet sustains track abuse. And for such a kit to be successful, actual owners’ feedback has been taken into account.
This is a low-mount kit, meaning that the turbo is tucked away neatly, around where the RENESIS’s stock extractor is. A low-mount design keeps the heat on the hot side. That’s in contrast to top-mount kits, which increase under-hood temperature and can cook fragile plastic parts.
With a low-mount kit, reliability is improved, but space is at an absolute premium. All of the turbocharger exhaust design is kept low and centered to maintain the chassis balance. Even with a turbocharger, the original Mazda intake management and oil metering are kept intact. No serious chassis alterations are necessary too.
RX8Performance has also taken advantage of the RENESIS’s unique exhaust flow characteristics. The exhaust manifold is designed to take advantage of the center housing exhaust port which has a high gas velocity to improve spool response.
How Does It Perform?
A Synapse diverter valve is utilized to recirculate charged air back into the turbo air inlet. This helps to avert the sudden pressure spike when you shut the throttle valve. Hence, it can improve turbocharger response at part-throttle. Albeit it’s not a significant impact.
The main beating heart, and most of the money, is spent on the turbocharger itself. It’s a dual ceramic ball-bearing Precision Turbo CEA 6266 with a billet compressor wheel. It’s very much a time-proven turbocharger. While it’s capable of providing up to 700 horsepower worth of airflow, when adopted for low-boost use it can be markedly responsive.
The exhaust side is .82 A/R with a V-band clamp design. Boost is managed by a 46mm Precision Turbo wastegate that by default discharges into the 3″ downpipe. A direct atmospheric wastegate vent is optional.
With this kit, the stock battery location, factory hoses, and pulleys are maintained. The stock MAF sensor is used thanks to the implementation of proper air straighteners. This reduces the headache when it’s time to tune your turbocharged RX8.
It’s a big kit, therefore many parts are optional. It all depends on your goal. The intended power level from RX8Performance is approximately 350 RWHP, but with such a versatile system you can push way further. However, caution is advised as you can most definitely blow your RENESIS up when you make too much power.
RX8 Greddy Turbo Kit
GReddy RX8 Street Turbo Kit – $5,300
This is an old discontinued kit, so availability is getting dubious. However, if you can source one, it’s one of the more affordable kits you can find. If your intent is a mildly boosted RX8 with enough poke to inspire you, then the GReddy kit might just be what you need. UK buyers can look here.
GReddy is a Japanese tuning legend, so explanations of the brand’s worthiness aren’t necessary. Similar to the RX8Performance kit, it’s a low-mount kit that features a very modest GReddy T618Z turbocharger. Which is, by all means, a ‘soft’, near-OEM application turbo only.
This means that you can expect about 270 WHP running the GReddy kit. You may be able to squeeze a bit more, but the turbo will be straining by ~0.8 bar of boost. What it has going for it is instantaneous boost response. It covers for the RENESIS’s lack of low-end torque while providing an appreciable bump in power in the upper rev range.
It’ll turn the RX8 into a relatively brisk car without compromising handling characteristics. Intriguingly, the kit also includes GReddy’s own pre-programmed E-Manage that supposedly offsets the need for a tune. However, it’s a piggyback system that’s flawed at compensating for such a major modification. A standalone management system is recommended as an upgrade if possible.
Out of the box, the turbo is designed to run at only 5 psi of boost from its internal wastegate actuator. This is good for achieving GReddy’s projected power gains with a mild headroom for improvements. It’s plenty for those intending to run a daily RX8 though.
How Does It Perform?
However, there are flaws with this kit. It mainly lies in the turbocharger itself. Being a rather archaic turbocharger design, it’s only oil-cooled. This is good at lowering costs and preventing raising the coolant temperature of an engine that already runs hot.
This paired with the high heat retention cast iron exhaust manifold means that the oil within the bearing housing cooks easily. Turbocharger reliability is thus compromised. However, you can always opt for an improved turbocharger, or even purchase a kit upgrade from MazdaManic or BNR Supercars.
The good thing about this kit is that many have installed it before, and thus, information is readily available. You should definitely take a read-through here and here to better understand the kit. Here’s a build thread using the GReddy kit with improvements.
Of course, the cons with the GReddy kit are plain to see. It’s intended to be a straightforward kit to improve output by just a bit. This means that there’s not much versatility for power levels unless you intend to upgrade. There’s also no blow-off valve or boost gauge included, but the E-Manage provides some monitoring of the ECU data.
RX8 SFR Turbo Kit
SFR RX8 Turbo Kit – $6,395
Speed Force Racing (SFR) is a California-based performance provider specializing in fabrication. Forced induction kits are their forte, and they’ve built cars from mildly boosted to serious 2000 horsepower monsters before.
Their RX8 turbo kit is intended for those who want a serious turbocharger kick. It’s a top-mount turbo kit very different from the aforementioned kits. The disadvantages are clear, more heat is introduced underneath the bonnet. This is detrimental to the durability of the plastic bits. Furthermore, the turbine is located close to the oil metering pump, which can be problematic without a workaround.
However, being a top-mount kit means SFR has a lot more engine bay real estate to work with. It also makes charge pipe routing more straightforward. The RX8 has a lot more space in front of the RENESIS, meaning that an adequately sized Turbonetics T60-1 turbocharger can be used.
It’s a ceramic ball-bearing turbo developed to improve upon the renowned Garrett T3/T4 design. Turbonetics has balanced the turbocharger for dimensions, response, and output. While it’s capable of flowing enough to produce 600 horsepower, in this kit it’ll push the RX8 to a rated 330 WHP at ~0.6 to 0.7 bar of boost.
How Does It Perform?
That said, someone has been documented to make ~370 WHP using this kit. You’re getting almost everything you need in the kit too, along with a 46mm Tial wastegate and 50mm Tial dump valve. Note that the battery has to be relocated for the kit though. Heat wrap is also included in the kit to reduce the engine bay temperature.
If you decide to go for this kit, it’s definitely necessary that you upgrade your RENESIS’s cooling system, ignition system, and fueling system prior to handling it. Turbocharging supporting mods such as aftermarket engine management and boost monitoring is mandatory as well.
Of course, being a fabrication specialist, SFR offers the entire kit to be customizable. You’ll have to get in contact before you make your order and they’ll set you up with a kit appropriate for your goals. Everything in the kit is also nicely polished, which gives a show-car look when you open your bonnet.
If you have a bigger budget and don’t mind having to source accessories and multiple additional parts to get it running, then the SFR kit is generally well-received. Here’s a build thread using the SFR kit with good results.
These are kits that are either not popular enough to garner sufficient opinion, or controversial in reviews. They might not necessarily be bad, but you should pay extra caution if you decide to go with these kits. After all, turbo kits are just an assortment of parts that you can still fabricate or source yourself.
RX8 Turblown Engineering Turbo Kit
Turblown Engineering RX8 Turbo Kit – $6,164
If you’re interested in making serious power with your RX8, then the Turblown kit is designed exactly for that. This is a top-mount kit for those aspiring to make 400+ WHP, and don’t mind making the sacrifices for it.
You’re flexible on which turbocharger you use, but the Turblown recommends using the Borg Warner EFR 8374 IWG turbo. It’s the BorgWarner internal wastegate alternative to the Garrett GTX3582R. When paired with E85 and at approximately 1.2 bar of boost, you can expect to make around 400 WHP already. Power increases exponentially with that boost.
The great thing about this turbocharger is its internal wastegate design. This simplifies things considerably, as you don’t have an external wastegate to make room for, and no extra exhaust routing is required. Admittedly, it’s a compromise between simplicity and total flow volume, but the IWG turbo is plenty adequate in most applications.
How Does It Perform?
For the S1 RX8s, the stock oil metering pump has to be deleted. This means that you need to premix 2-stroke oil at every fuel stop. The necessary modifications involved are included in the kit. You also need to relocate the battery and decide upon an aftermarket management system on your own.
While Turblown seems to be quite reputable, initially their reputation in the RX8 forums is questionable at best. There are definitely dyno graphs to validate their claim, but the reliability of the RENESIS afterward is dubious. Its workmanship was also once controversial, to say the least.
However, since then, things have seemingly improved. Some remain doubtful of Turblown’s reliability as a kit builder, but there are people vouching for its kit quality. When you check its Facebook page out, it seems like it puts out some pretty nice work indeed.
Therefore, it’s up to you to judge whether if Turblown is trustworthy enough. It also produces an RX8 low-mount turbo kit for those that want a milder setup. The target power output with the low-mount kit is around 330 WHP, so it depends on your goal. Once you have fitted your turbo don’t forget to check out different body kit options.
RX8 Mazfix Turbo Kit
Mazfix Stage 1 RX8 Turbo Kit – $10,500
If you want an all-encompassing kit, then Mazfix might be your best bet. However, the catch is that it’s based in Australia and only offers the kit on a drive-in basis. However, for the decidedly high price, it provides a one-stop solution. You drive your RX8 in, they sort your car out in due time, and you drive your turbocharged RX8 out.
The stage 1 kit promises approximately 300 horsepower at the wheels. And given that Mazfix is a reputable performance shop familiar with rotary engines, I’d trust them to deliver a quality product. There’s not much you can change about the kit though.
Of course, to preserve the reliability of the RENESIS, the power output is generally limited to around 280 WHP. Little room for flexibility as a stage 1 drive-in kit. Being rotary engine specialists means that they have plenty of upgrades available for your target. You just have to communicate with them prior.
You can see here for thoughts on driving a Mazfix-powered RX8.
Should You Turbocharge Your RX8?
So, after considering your options, should you get a turbocharger kit for your RX8 at all? The RENESIS is difficult to turbocharge and remain reliable. In fact, some states that a RENESIS would only last 30,000 miles being turbocharged.
However, the reliability of a turbocharger kit still comes down to proper installation and tuning. Both are equally critical. The amount of money and effort you’d have to spend increases exponentially with the amount of power you intend to make. You might want to consider a complete engine swap or look specifically at an LS swap instead.
For the RENESIS, over 350 WHP on pump gas is considered serious power. Reliability and fuel consumption aren’t expected to be excellent here. With E85, you may be able to push 450 WHP out of an unopened RENESIS. But you’ll be pushing the limits of the RENESIS.
As the saying goes, modifications made are always a compromise between budget, reliability, and high power. To turbocharge any naturally aspirated car, you’d have to make the supporting mods to stop your engine from blowing up.
With fueling mods, cooling system upgrades, proper aftermarket engine management, realistic targets, and safety nets, even a turbocharged RENESIS can be robust. Of course, you should do ample research beforehand and read up on any turbo kits you intend to install.
Is It Worth It?
If you just want a bit more power to spice up your RX8 driving experience, then the GReddy kit is just perfect. It’s very well documented, and the results are proven by many. It’s such a staple turbo kit for the RX8 that people sell upgrade kits to fix the flaws in the kit.
There’s also the problem with the E-Manage piggyback system offered in the kit though. While it’s pre-tuned to fit the application, it’s simply not ideal for a major engine modification. It’s recommended that you replace the E-Manage with a standalone management system.
If you have a bit more money to spare and a loftier target, then the RX8Performance Turbo Kit is a worthwhile consideration. It’s a known, quality turbo kit that offers ample headroom for power upgrades in the future.
A low-mount kit is generally considered to be milder and appropriate for performance street applications. But if you want the wow factor when you open your bonnet, then the SFR Turbo Kit might be your best bet.
The Allure of Turbo Kits
The Mazda RX-8, with its iconic rotary engine, offers a unique driving experience. Yet, many enthusiasts yearn for more power, and this is where turbo kits come into play. These kits aim to force-feed air into the engine, increasing its output. But is this the right move? Let’s delve deeper.
Pros of Turbocharging Your RX-8
1. Power Boost: Undoubtedly, turbocharging can significantly enhance the RX-8’s horsepower and torque. The immediate throttle response and aggressive acceleration can turn your car into a beast on the road.
2. Enhanced Driving Experience: With a turbo kit, your RX-8’s already enjoyable drive becomes even more exhilarating. The surge of power can be addictive, offering thrills at every turn.
3. Potential for Better Fuel Efficiency: Contrary to popular belief, if driven in a disciplined manner, a turbocharged car can sometimes offer better fuel efficiency than its naturally aspirated counterpart.
Cons of Turbocharging Your RX-8
1. Reliability Concerns: The RX-8’s rotary engine, while unique, can be sensitive. Adding a turbo introduces additional strain. This could lead to more frequent maintenance or even potential engine problems.
2. Costly: Turbo kits aren’t cheap. Moreover, the subsequent supporting modifications and potential repairs add to the financial burden.
3. Compromised Authenticity: Purists might argue that adding a turbo alters the car’s original character, steering away from the manufacturer’s vision.
Essential Supporting Mods
Before plunging into the turbo world, it’s crucial to ensure your RX-8 is ready for the change.
1. Upgraded Cooling System: Turbos generate heat. Therefore, an efficient cooling system – including a larger radiator and enhanced oil coolers – becomes indispensable.
2. Strengthened Drivetrain: The added power will exert more force on the transmission and axles. Reinforcing these parts can prevent premature wear.
3. Improved Brakes: With great power comes the need for great stopping ability. Upgraded brake pads, rotors, and perhaps even calipers are essential.
Points to Ponder Before Turbocharging
1. Warranty Implications: Adding a turbo might void your car’s warranty. Make sure you’re prepared for any out-of-pocket expenses that could arise.
2. Insurance Ramifications: Some insurance companies might raise premiums for modified cars or might not offer coverage at all.
3. Resale Value: While some might pay extra for a turbocharged RX-8, others might shy away due to potential reliability concerns.
Finding the Right Turbo Kit
When shopping around, it’s vital to consider:
1. Your Desired Power Output: Not all kits offer the same performance gains. Understand your goals and pick a kit that aligns with them.
2. Kit’s Compatibility: Ensure the kit is specifically designed for the RX-8’s rotary engine to ensure optimal performance and fewer complications.
3. Brand Reputation: Opt for a trusted brand. Reviews and feedback from fellow RX-8 owners can be invaluable.
Turbocharging your RX-8 can be a thrilling venture. But it’s essential to weigh the benefits against potential pitfalls. Ensure you’re ready for the commitment, both financially and in terms of maintenance.
When done right, a turbocharged RX-8 can offer an unparalleled driving experience, turning heads wherever it roars. But, always remember, with great power comes great responsibility.
Turbocharging Your Mazda RX-8’s Renesis Engine: What You Need to Know
- The Mazda RX-8 is a great car with a front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout, a limited-slip differential, and a screaming rotary powerplant that delivers 238 horsepower with an impressive redline of 9,000 rpm.
- The RX-8 has some unique features, such as rear suicide doors, which are incorporated to keep the sporty styling intact, and it has become a bargain in recent years.
- Although the RX-8 handles well in stock form, it may not provide enough power to compete with higher-powered cars in straight-line races.
- The Renesis engine has a 10:1 compression ratio, making forced induction more challenging than on lower-compression engines, but it is still possible with more expense, effort, work, and risk.
- Adding a piggy-back ECU is necessary since the factory ECU controls almost everything in the RX-8, and standalone management isn’t easily adapted.
- Mazda opted for a daily driver market with the Renesis engine and developed it to address stronger emissions laws, which is why there aren’t many bolt-on modifications available to provide impressive power gains.
- Reliability is crucial when considering a turbo upgrade, so a compression test is recommended to ensure an optimal foundation before adding the stresses of forced induction.
- Choosing between top-mount and low-mount turbo kits depends on convenience and space considerations, and both options have their issues.
- The maximum boost on a stock engine should not go beyond 11 PSI to avoid damaging the Renesis engine.
- Alternatives to turbocharging include supercharging, crazy swaps, and V8 engines, with the latter being a popular choice due to their reliability, ease of spares, and convenience to turbocharge.
RX8 Turbo Kits: In Conclusion…
If you yearn for the feel of a turbocharged rotary, then there’s also the option of swapping in a 13B-REW. But it won’t be any easier of a job than turbocharging the RENESIS.
Got the time and resources? Then you might be better off assembling your own turbocharger kit. You’ll need to be handy with fabricating, but it should free up more of your budget for the additional mods you’ll have to make.
There are also multiple other ways for you to seriously improve the power output of your RENESIS. People have experimented with supercharging, nitrous, and porting the RENESIS. Others just swap in a nicely rebuilt R3 engine. Therefore, you should consider your options before going with turbocharging.
RX8 Turbo Kits: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
If you’re still curious about an RX8 turbo kit, perhaps our FAQs here might have the details that you’re looking for…
Are RX8 Reliable
While it’s garnered a reputation for being somewhat of an unreliable car, the truth is far from it. If anything, Mazda’s RX8 is fairly reliable and doesn’t typically suffer from as many problems as other cars do. However, the RX8’s reliability has been misconstrued with its maintainability. While the RX8 may be decently dependable, it’s a very tough car to own, as it requires diligent servicing and maintenance. This mainly revolves around its rotary engines, which also demand significant attention from the owner. Its RENESIS 1.3-liter engine frequently destroys its ignition coils, fouls its spark plugs, and overheats the catalytic converter. Therefore, these components may need to be replaced more often. Plus, that RENESIS engine also burns through a lot of oil, necessitating regular oil changes.
How Much HP Does A RX8 Have
Depending on which variant of the RX8 you’re asking about, it’ll have slightly varying horsepower outputs. It’ll also depend on which part of the world you’re in. The lowest performing RX8s in the world was (for better or worse) not offered in North America. These had either a 4-speed automatic or a 5-speed manual and were rated at 189hp. In the US, the starter Mazda RX8, which had an automatic transmission (4-speed and later 6-speed, after 2006), could manage 212hp. Although, Mazda revised the original 189hp and 212hp figures to 197hp and 238hp, respectively. There was a 6-speed manual RX8 variant that was America’s equivalent of the Japanese Type S models, which could output 247hp. The most powerful stock RX8 had a 6-port RENESIS engine, paired with a 6-speed manual, and claims to have 250hp.
Why Are RX8 So Cheap
If you’re ever shopping for an RX8, you might notice that compared to other similar-performing cars, they’re significantly cheaper. But how can an iconic car like the RX8 (after all, it was the last of the rotary-powered cars) be sold for as low as it is? Well, there are a few reasons why they aren’t fetching higher prices. For starters, the RX8 doesn’t have the same cult icon status as the RX7, even though it’s still a great car. This is then muddied further by how abundant RX8s are on the market and lacks the exclusivity of the RX7. For most, the real reason why they’re so cheap is that RX8s are notoriously tedious and expensive to maintain. Moreover, and if you don’t service them right, you’ll find that RX8s can be terribly unreliable. This is then worsened by its embarrassingly poor fuel economy.
How Much Is A Turbo Kit
Turbocharging, especially for a complex engine like a Mazda RX8’s Wankel rotary motor, doesn’t come cheap. Most RX8 turbo kit offerings out there cost at least $5,000, though they average closer to $6,000 and $7,000. These would get you into popular turbo brands like RX8Performance, GReddy, SFR, and Turblown Engineering. Most of these turbo kits are comprehensive enough and include most of what you need. The performance they offer is pretty good, too. However, if you need a more comprehensive kit and added boost, there are costlier options out there. For example, Mazfix makes some of the best all-encompassing RX8 turbo kits that you can buy. Plus, they offer to perform much of the installation for you. The downside is that these kits can cost upwards of $10,000.
Can You Turbo A Rotary Engine
Popular rotary engines like the RX8’s RENESIS have one key flaw – they don’t make enough horsepower from stock. Thus, plenty of owners have considered installing turbo kits, but can you really install a turbo in a rotary engine? In theory, yes, rotary engines can be turbocharged, and you could yield a lot more from it. Rotaries work at their best to deliver optimal power when there’s enough low-down grunt and low-speed torque. Even Mazda’s own engineers admit that installing a compressor or turbo into a rotary engine would be the most ideal setup, performance-wise. In so doing, you get a rotary (now turbocharged) that’s potent and outputting horsepower. Yet, produces all that power smoothly and linearly. The downside is that rotaries are more complicated to turbocharge than most piston engines.