Keeping your home at a comfortable temperature all year round requires the use of both heating and cooling systems. There are tons of options out there to choose from for each type of system. Understanding how to pick the right systems for your home and install them correctly is a must so your family can be comfortable in the future.
The Various HVAC Options
In general, you will have four main HVAC systems that you can choose from. Each system has its own benefits when compared to the next. Let’s take a look at each system and its components so that you can determine which type of HVAC system is going to be right for your home.
As described on Kimbel HVAC Service, one of the most popular residential HVAC systems is the split system. This type of system houses its cooling components, including the condenser and compressor, inside of your home. The heating system components are housed outside of your home. Both systems utilize an indoor air handler that sends the heated or cooled air into the home’s ductwork.
Unlike the split system, a package system houses all the air conditioning and heating components in one self-contained unit. This unit is situated outside of the home. In most cases, you’ll find the package unit installed at ground level. However, it can be installed on the top of a roof if necessary.
Very similar to the split system, mini-split systems are desirable for homes that want zone heating and air conditioning. These systems have outdoor compressor units that link to indoor air handling units. The indoor units are very small and can be positioned on the wall in their desired rooms.
Lastly, we have a heat pump system, which is becoming more and more popular due to its energy efficiency. This system has two main parts which are the indoor air handler and the outdoor heat pump. This type of system utilizes the natural temperature outside throughout the year to heat and cool your home effectively.
Factors To Consider During Installation
Now, you should have a pretty good idea of what type of HVAC system you will be installing at your home. If you’re still not sure what system is best for you, it’s a good idea to consult a local HVAC specialist to help. Once your desired system is determined, it’s time to start considering the installation process. Here are some key factors you’ll want to determine ahead of time to ensure your installation goes smoothly.
Know Your System’s Electrical Needs
It’s imperative that you take the electrical needs of your HVAC system into account as you need to be able to handle the demand of your system. In the case of older homes, you may need to upgrade your existing breaker panel so that it can supply an adequate amperage level for your new heating and air conditioning system. You should ensure that you have available space in your breaker panel to supply power to your chosen system.
Make Sure You Have Adequate Space
It may seem like a simple concept, but many homeowners tend to forget their space requirements as they get overwhelmed with HVAC system options. You want to make sure that your air conditioner and heating system will be able to fit within the area that you designate inside of your home. If you’re installing a split system or one like it, you’ll need to designate outside areas for your system components.
Have this space properly planned out and ensure the unit dimensions will fit there. Don’t forget to also consider how you’re going to get the system components into their designated space. You don’t want to run into the problem of your inside unit components not fitting into your home when you go to install your newly purchased system.
Ensure You Opt For The Right Size
It may be common to think that the bigger your unit, the better. However, this isn’t the right approach. You should be opting for an air conditioner and heating unit that is rated to handle around the square footage of your home.
If you get a system that is too small, it will constantly run and won’t be able to keep up with your heating and cooling needs. If you get a system that’s too large, it will run in short bursts, which can damage your unit quickly. You need a unit that is sized appropriately for your home’s space.
Determining this measurement isn’t too difficult to do if you understand the formula. You want to start by determining the square footage of your home that you’ll be heating and cooling. This will give you the basis for determining what size of HVAC system unit you’ll need to purchase and install at your home.
The unit capacity will typically be stated in BTUS or British Thermal Units. To learn how many BTUs your system will need, you’ll have to multiply the square footage of your home by 25. Some units may state their capacity in terms of tons. It’s important to note that a one-ton capacity is equal to 12,000 BTUs per hour.
Ductwork Can Be A Big Factor In Determining An Ideal System
If you’re considering installing an HVAC system in an existing home, you need to take ductwork into consideration. If you have an existing HVAC system, you can typically utilize the existing ductwork. However, if there is no ductwork throughout your home, you’ll likely want to opt for a system that doesn’t require it. A mini-split system is duct-free, which makes it the perfect install for homes without ductwork or for adding additions to your home.
Installing your own HVAC system can be a big challenge at first. It’s best to start with the basics of understanding the various options of systems that are out there. Once you have your ideal system picked out, it comes down to determining the size of your unit and where you’re going to install it in your home. With the proper planning, you’ll be well on your way to enjoying a brand new HVAC system soon.