Keeping the fluids of the vehicle topped up is a quality that each responsible driver should process. However, there are times when things can get a bit out of hand. It is common knowledge that running low on fluids is a recipe for disaster. But, what if you have too much fluid? What should you do if your transmission overfilled by 1 quart? Today, we will give you the exact answer.
- What Is Transmission Fluid?
- Overfilled Transmission Fluid Symptoms
- Low Fluid Levels
- Final Verdict
Overfilling any vehicle fluid, be it engine oil, coolant, or transmission fluid, worries even the most seasoned drivers. However, should you be actually worried about the overfilled fluid doing any damage? Or is this something you can forget about? Well, the answer may surprise you.
In this article, we will tell you all about transmission fluid, what it does, and what happens when you overfill it. Once you are done, we are sure that you’ll be well-educated on the subject. Let’s start off by looking at what transmission fluid is, and what it does in a vehicle.
What Is Transmission Fluid
Before talking about the consequences of transmission overfilled by 1 quart, it’s important to know what transmission fluid is and what it does. Just like engine oil, brake fluid, and coolant, transmission fluid plays an important part in the functioning of your vehicle.
Unlike engine oil which most people know about, transmission fluid tends to go under the radar. This is exactly why it is important to have a good understanding of this important fluid.
The look and smell of transmission fluid vary depending on its type. Manual transmission fluid has a strong smell and a thicker consistency along with a darker hue.
In contrast, automatic transmission fluids (aka ATF fluid) are lighter in consistency. Moreover, you can find different colored fluids in the market, with colors like red, blue, green, and even purple.
The main functionality of transmission fluid is lubricating the internals of the transmission system to prevent them from wearing out. Additionally, it allows the vehicle to shift through the gears smoothly.
Depending on the transmission of your vehicle, the type of transmission fluid it requires varies (for example, the 2014 Ford Fusion transmission fluid). If your vehicle has an automatic transmission, you should strictly put automatic transmission fluid in it.
On top of lubricating the internal components, automatic transmission fluid is also responsible for providing the hydraulic pressure and friction that are required to make the system work. Nevertheless, while they both use hydraulics, it’s not a good idea to test whether you can use transmission fluid for power steering fluid.
Some other functions of automatic transmission fluid include,
- Operating The Valve Body
- Cooling The Transmission
- Lubricating The Gears
- Providing Brake Band Friction
- Operating The Torque Converter
- Clutch Friction Operation
On the other hand, most older cars with manual transmissions require heavier fluids like 75W and 140W. However, most modern vehicles with manual transmissions can function with automatic fluid as well.
Too Much Transmission Fluid
When it comes to transmission fluid, it is important that you have a clear understanding of the correct amount of fluid to put into your vehicle. Although this amount varies from one vehicle to another, most vehicles take around 4 to 17 US quarts of transmission fluid.
Typically, vehicles with manual transmissions as well well as highly efficient ones take less transmission fluid than your run-of-the-mill pickup truck or SUV. The best way to find out the exact amount of transmission fluid your vehicle takes is by referring to the owner’s manual.
Most vehicles come with an easy way to measure transmission fluid, in the form of a transmission dipstick. It functions similarly to the engine dipstick and allows owners to measure the exact amount of fluid in their transmission.
The amount of transmission fluid you should use to top up the system varies depending on when you do it. For example, you would have to pour more fluid after a flush or a full replacement when compared to a normal top-up.
And before you head out to the local workshop, make sure you’re well acquainted with the process of transmission fluid changes (for more context, check out our overview of should I change transmission fluid after 100k miles and how often should you change transmission fluid, as well as should you change transmission fluid on high mileage cars). That includes the cost to change the transmission fluid. Or, even specifics such as the transmission fluid change cost for a Honda, for example.
Overall, knowing the exact amount of fluid to pour into the system is crucial if you want to avoid facing any issues down the line, either due to overfilling or underfilling the system. So, what consequences can too much transmission fluid in your car cause?
Transmission Overfilled By 1 Quart
Overfilling the transmission is a mistake most vehicle owners make. This can happen due to a variety of reasons, including,
- Not Completely Draining Out The Old Transmission Fluid
- Checking The Current Fluid Level When The Engine Is Cold
- Overestimating The Capacity
Overfilling the transmission by a small amount, say 1/2″ or 1/4″ of a quart typically won’t cause any major issues. However, if you overfill it by 1 quart or more, it can lead to a number of eye-opening problems.
Furthermore, it is important to mention that modern vehicles with DSG or CVT transmissions are more sensitive to transmission fluid overfills than their predecessors. There are several indications that you can use to determine whether the transmission has been overfilled by 1 quart of fluid.
Some common indications you might see are,
- Pressure Buildup
- Transmission Failure
- Excessive Wear
1. Pressure Buildup
Excessive pressure buildup in the transmission is one of the most noticeable consequences of overfilling your transmission. The pressure buildup can cause several failures, including transmission seals, such as a transmission seal leak. Replacing the transmission seals is a time-consuming repair, and takes a lot of money.
The increased pressure inside the system may result in air contamination as well. This is an issue where air bubbles and foam get produced because of the splashing of the excess fluid inside the system. Air contamination is a leading cause of transmission wear and overheating. We will tell you more about these issues later in the article.
Pressure buildup in the transmission can damage other internal components of the system as well. So, it is important to fix this problem as soon as possible.
When the transmission is overfilled, the fluid cannot circulate as intended through the system. As a result, it will be unable to cool down the internal components properly. Not only that, the excess fluid may actually cause problems with lubrication as well.
The overfilled transmission fluid can escape through the seals, resulting in overheating. Although an additional half a quart of fluid won’t cause any overheating, you should be a bit worried if your transmission is overfilled by 1 quart.
3. Transmission Failure
Transmission failure is the most costly consequence of overfilling your transmission. Although this won’t happen overnight, letting your vehicle run for a while with excess transmission fluid might put the nail in the coffin.
Several factors should come together in order to cause complete transmission failure. Be it excessive wear, leaking seals, overheating, or the lack of lubrication, all these issues will play a part in critically damaging the transmission of your vehicle.
As you might have guessed, replacing the entire transmission system is no easy task. It will take a mechanic several days to perform a transmission repair, and it will put a dent in your bank account as well. Not to mention time, in case you’re concerned with how long does it take to replace a transmission.
So, are you wondering how much is a new transmission? Be prepared to spend in the neighborhood of $1800 – $3400 if you want to get your transmission replaced by a professional. Even figuring out how much does it cost to rebuild a transmission isn’t entirely cheap.
4. Excessive Wear
The final indication of transmission overfilled by 1 quart we will be taking a look at is the excessive wear on the internal components. Similar to the engine, brakes, and other systems on your vehicle, the transmission has a lot of moving parts as well.
Having adequate transmission fluid is essential to keep all these components well-lubricated. But, as we mentioned earlier, overfilling the fluid interrupts the lubrication process, resulting in excessive wear. Not only that, the parts will wear out much sooner than expected, requiring you to spend more money on repairs as well.
If you have recently topped up the transmission fluid of your vehicle, it is a good idea to keep an eye out for these indications. You might also be curious to learn about some symptoms of an overfilled transmission. If so, follow along to the next section.
Too Much Transmission Fluid Symptoms
Catching a reliability issue with your car sooner can often be the difference between needing to spend thousands of dollars to repair it or getting away unscathed. The same stands true for overfilling the transmission as well. Here are symptoms that will help you identify whether it has been overfilled or not.
- Problematic Gear Shifts
- Transmission Slipping
- Noises Coming From The Transmission
- High Dipstick Reading
- Fluid Leaks
- Poor Performance
- Burning Smell
Now, we will go through each of these symptoms to give you a better understanding of what to expect.
Transmission Overfilled By 1 Quart, Symptoms #1 – Problematic Gear Shifts
If you are having trouble shifting through the gears, like your car won’t go into gear. it might just be due to an overfilled transmission. Excessive transmission fluid levels are known to cause the gears to stick, which might be the cause of the gear shift issues you are going through.
This issue will rear its head in different ways depending on the type of transmission your vehicle has. If you own a manual, you might discover that it requires more force than usual to shift between the gears. On the other hand, owners of automatic vehicles will notice that the gear shifts feel harder than they used to before.
In other words, your transmission is shifting hard and rough, unlike it was before. In some cars, it might be a bit more specific than that. For example, if you notice how the transmission shifts hard from 1st to 2nd gear, and not so much in other gears.
Gear shifting problems should not be ignored, as they can lead to more severe issues down the line. If you are also experiencing this problem, we recommend you get your vehicle inspected by a mechanic as soon as possible.
Transmission Overfilled By 1 Quart, Symptoms #2 – Transmission Slipping
Slipping when engaging gears is another symptom of overfilling your transmission. The excess transmission fluid can seep inside the gearing mechanism, preventing them from meshing properly. Not only that, but sometimes the additional fluid may push the transmission out of gear as well.
You can notice transmission slipping in vehicles with automatic transmissions through briefs drops in power, and overall clunkiness. Furthermore, you’re likely to hear grinding noises when the transmission is slipping too.
Transmission Overfilled By 1 Quart, Symptoms #3 – Noises From The Transmission
Ideally, a transmission that is working properly should not make any noise. However, if you start hearing any unusual noises, overfilled transmission fluid could be the culprit behind it.
Grinding sounds are one of the most common noises made by a faulty transmission. It is caused due to the excess fluid preventing the gears from meshing with each other properly. Whining, humming, and whirring are other noises associated with transmission system failures.
If you hear any of these noises coming from your vehicle, you should take it to a mechanic soon. Additionally, you can figure out how to check the transmission fluid level yourself and determine whether it has been overfilled or not. The one thing you need to be wary of is whether to check the transmission fluid when the car’s hot or cold.
Transmission Overfilled By 1 Quart, Symptoms #4 – High Dipstick Reading
This is the most obvious way to determine whether the transmission has been overfilled or not. The transmission dipstick is designed with the intention of giving vehicles an easy way to inspect fluid levels. So, this is the first place you should take a look at if you suspect that the transmission has been overfilled.
However, you should be mindful of when to take the dipstick reading. You see, just like engine oil, transmission fluid expands with heat, and it will be thinner when the engine has heated up. Similarly, the fluid will be much thicker if you try to take the reading when the engine is cold.
In order to get the most accurate results, you should take the dipstick reading when the vehicle has warmed up to its operating temperature. If the oil level is in between the high and low marks, your transmission has been filled adequately.
But, if the oil level is above the high-level marker, it is an indication that you have overfilled the transmission. In contrast, if the oil level is too low, you might want to get it topped up. Running an engine with too little oil brings its own problems, which we will take a look at later on in this article.
Transmission Overfilled By 1 Quart, Symptoms #5 – Fluid Leaks
Fluid leaks are another obvious symptom of overfilling the transmission fluid. When you fill the system beyond its capability, the excess fluid will overflow and leak to the outside. The leaking fluid can get into other systems of the car and damage them as well.
Over time, transmission fluid can leak out from the seals as well. These would soon materialize into low transmission fluid symptoms. The seals can crack and fail due to reassure, letting the fluid seep out. You will have to drain the entire transmission to replace these leaking seals with brand-new ones.
Transmission Overfilled By 1 Quart, Symptoms #6 – Poor Performance
Overfilling the transmission fluid will hurt the performance of your vehicle as well. The area where you’ll spot the most difference will be acceleration. But why does this happen?
When the transmission fluid is overfilled, foaming will occur on the internal gears, As a result, the gears will not mesh properly, and the acceleration will suffer. This is mostly applicable to vehicles with automatic transmissions.
In addition to excess fluid, debris buildup inside the transmission can result in slow acceleration as well. If you have noticed that your vehicle isn’t performing as well as it used to before, it might be time to get a transmission service.
Transmission Overfilled By 1 Quart, Symptoms #7 – Burning Smell
If notice a burning smell coming from your car, it could point towards a transmission that has been overfilled. This burnt transmission fluid smell is likely due to overheating, and you should immediately take action to fix the problem before it results in complete transmission failure.
Those were some symptoms that can help you identify whether the transmission has been overfilled or not. Keep an eye out for these symptoms if you want to ensure that your vehicle is in perfect working order.
Bad Transmission Fluid Symptoms
Just like other fluids in your vehicle, the transmission fluid will eventually go bad over time. When this happens, it is important that you catch it quickly and replace the fluid before it is too late. Dirty transmission fluid is deep red or brown in color, compared to the see-through or slightly tinted color when it is new.
Grinding noises coming from the engine, transmission whine, the engine running too hot, slipping gears, and the vehicle having trouble going into the reverse gear are some of the most well-known symptoms of dirty transmission fluid.
Low Transmission Fluid Symptoms
Driving your vehicle when the transmission fluid is too low will also cause a massive amount of damage to the vehicle. Similar to when the transmission overfilled by 1 quart, there are several symptoms of low transmission fluid as well. Some of them include,
- Warning Light On The Dashboard
- Stuck Clutch Pedal
- Vehicle Lurching
- Vibrating Shifter
Low Transmission Fluid Symptoms #1 – Warning Light On The Dashboard
Modern cars are laid with advanced sensors that detect every minute detail of every system. So, when the transmission fluid runs low, the onboard computer will detect it and inform you in the form of a warning light on the dashboard.
If either the check engine light or the transmission light has turned on, it might be due to your transmission running low on fluid. It is important that every driver pays attention to these warnings, as ignoring them can land you in heaps of trouble down the line.
Low Transmission Fluid Symptoms #2 – Stuck Clutch Pedal
A sticky clutch pedal is a low fluid symptom that shows up only in cars with manual transmissions.
When there is not enough fluid, the pressure inside the system would be inadequate to operate the clutch pedal normally. So, it might get stuck, or will move in an abnormal manner. This is somewhat similar to the symptoms of a slipping clutch.
Low Transmission Fluid Symptoms #3 – Vehicle Lurching
If you feel that your vehicle is lurching when you are driving down the road, it might be a good idea to take a look at the transmission fluid level. As there isn’t enough fluid inside the system, the transmission makes inconsistent moves, making the vehicle lurch.
Low Transmission Fluid Symptoms #4 – Vibrating Shifter
Once again, this is a low transmission fluid symptom that you will experience with a manual transmission. If you feel excessive vibrations coming through the gear shifter as you go to change gears, your vehicle might be running low on transmission fluid.
Transmission Overfilled By 1 Quart: Final Verdict
Overfilling the transmission fluid is a mistake most drivers make, and if you are not careful it can result in thousands of dollars in repair bills. As we discussed, there are several symptoms that can help you to identify this problem beforehand.
A high fluid level reading on the dipstick, poor acceleration, trouble with shifting the gears as well as a burning smell coming from the transmission are among the most obvious.
To avoid these issues, we recommend you correctly identify the recommended amount of transmission fluid you should put into your vehicle before proceeding. You can easily find this in the owner’s manual or by browsing the internet.
Frequently Asked Questions
How Much Transmission Fluid Do I Need
The amount of transmission fluid varies from one vehicle to another. Typically, modern vehicles have the capacity to hold between 4 – 10 quarts of transmission fluid. However, there are some vehicles that require as much as 17 quarts.
What Does A Transmission Do
The transmission is one of the most important systems in a vehicle. It is responsible for moving the power produced by the engine to the wheels. You can find vehicles with manual transmissions which require the driver to shift through the gears, or automatics that take care of the gear shifting for you.
How Does A Transmission Work
There are several major components inside the transmission that make it work. These include the clutch, pressure plate, and flywheel. All these components work together to carry the power from the engine down to the driven wheels of your vehicle.
Can The Transmission Be Damaged By Changing The Transmission Fluid
Although the transmission fluid itself won’t cause any damage, overfilling or underfilling it can have some negative consequences. You should be careful to put only the manufacturer-recommended level of fluid into your transmission. This amount is usually listed in the vehicle owner’s manual.
How Long Does It Take To Fix A Transmission
Minor transmission repairs like a recalibration of flushing the fluid can be done within a day. However, major tasks like rebuilding or replacing the transmission can take several days and will cost about $1800 – $3400. It is important that you take care of the transmission in order to avoid these expensive repairs.