You should know numerous pros and cons of hybrid cars if you’re considering buying one. HEVs, also known as hybrid electric cars, are gaining in popularity daily and for a good cause. Switching to these cars has ecological and financial benefits: The benefits outweigh the downsides. However, the cons are worth noting to make an informed purchase decision.
- What Are Hybrid Cars
- Their Pros And Cons
- Types Of Hybrid Cars
- Hybrids Vs. Electric Cars
- How They Work
- Last Thoughts
What Are Hybrid Cars?
This sort of vehicle utilizes more than one source of power. Typical hybrid cars combine the power of electric motors with internal combustion engines. The electric motor is more efficient in terms of torque, whereas the combustion engine is better at sustaining high speeds.
Japan launched the first hybrid car in 1997. In the modern world, hybrid technology has been thoroughly tested and shown to be dependable. The demand for hybrid cars has expanded substantially. Today, consumers may choose from various hybrid car makers and models.
Hybrid trucks are also gaining popularity nowadays, with some of the best hybrid trucks coming from popular brands like Ford. After putting a couple of different hybrid cars through their paces, this is what we discovered.
Pros And Cons Of Hybrid Cars
Hybrid cars have numerous benefits and downsides. They are eco-friendly and don’t require much maintenance like gas-powered vehicles. They save you a lot of costs. However, hybrid cars still have some downsides. They still produce emissions (though minimal), and their maintenance cost is on the high side.
What Are The Advantages Of A Hybrid Car
Pros And Cons of Hybrid Cars #1. It Consumes Less Fuel
Hybrid vehicles consume less fuel. Our fuel consumption is reduced when more and more individuals move to hybrid cars, which has a compounding impact. Hybrid cars do not completely do away with the need for gasoline, but they reduce the quantity required since the internal combustion engine is not utilized as often.
Hybrid cars are generally fuel-efficient. Its lower fuel consumption will help you save a lot of money during its lifetime compared to a pure gas-powered car of the same type. That may not seem like a big deal, but with the increase in the price of gas, you will get to appreciate it over time.
Pros And Cons of Hybrid Cars #2. You May Be Entitled To Tax Credit
Part of why some people are scared of buying cars is because of the tax expenses associated with owning and maintaining one. That may not be much of a concern if you plan on owning a hybrid car. In the USA, the federal government offers tax credits ranging from 2500 to 7500 dollars for every plug-in hybrid you buy from 2010 upwards.
This offer is within the US, and the car must be brand new. The credit amount depends on the size of the car’s battery. They did that to promote the adoption of hybrids and electric cars in the United States. That is what you stand to gain for owning a hybrid or an electric car. The benefit is worth it.
Pros And Cons of Hybrid Cars #3. Eco-Friendly And May Not Require Emission Tests
As a result of their reduced emissions, gas-electric hybrid cars are more beneficial to the world than their gas-powered counterparts. Every year, the average passenger car releases 4.6 metric tons of co2 and other greenhouse gases, including nitrous oxide and methane.
You’ll consume less gas and produce fewer emissions with hybrids for the same distance. You can even achieve up to 50 mpg on some hybrid cars. If you purchase a plug-in hybrid, you won’t have to use only a battery to power your car. A typical plug-in hybrid car would switch between the battery and the internal combustion engine based on the battery level or speed demands.
If your state mandates emissions testing, a hybrid car may not need it. To be safe, call your state’s Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) to discover whether an emissions test or any other kind of test is necessary to register your vehicle. State rules might vary from one another.
Pros And Cons of Hybrid Cars #4. They Are Quiet Cars
Electric motors make hybrids quieter than their pure gas-powered counterparts. As soon as the vehicle starts moving, you’ll assume it’s rolling on its own since it’s so quiet.
Hybrid and electric cars are so silent that the United States has to enact rules requiring them to produce loud noises while moving at certain speeds. That resulted in car makers researching and striving to make future cars sound like gas guzzlers. At least to make their cars produce audible sounds at certain speeds.
Hybrid cars usually start with an electric motor and switch to the internal combustion engine when it requires more power. Even when the engine begins to run, the vehicle remains noticeably less noisy than it would be in a standard car.
Pros And Cons of Hybrid Cars #5. They Save You Some Maintenance Cost
Since hybrid vehicles get their power from two distinct sources—the internal combustion engine and an electric motor—the former sees far less frequent use than the latter. During most of your journeys with a hybrid car, your gasoline engine will be completely idle. This reduces the need for oil or coolant and lowers the expense of regular maintenance.
Overall, less work is needed to keep the vehicle running well throughout its lifespan. Even oil changes will be less frequent. It’s reasonable to assume that your brakes will need less maintenance since you won’t be utilizing them as often.
However, hybrids will require maintenance after prolonged use, and the cost is usually on the high side. The price of repairs and upkeep for hybrid vehicles may change significantly depending on the model and manufacture of the vehicle. It is important to conduct some research before purchasing a hybrid vehicle.
Pros And Cons of Hybrid Cars #6. It Makes Driving Comfortable And Less Stressful
Plug-in hybrids will switch to utilizing the gas in your tank after battery power runs out. They are better than electric cars in this aspect because you won’t have to bother if there are charging stations in the area you wish to travel to. You will hardly get stranded on the way out of low battery because there are still many gas stations in most places where you may get some fuel.
A display that indicates your current mileage and typical miles per gallon is standard on most hybrid cars. That information includes how much energy the brakes are helping us recover. The vehicles are highly computerized and would provide important information and guides on how to use our cars efficiently.
What Are The Disadvantages Of A Hybrid Car
Despite the many advantages of a hybrid car, there are still some concerns about them that you must be aware of before buying one.
Pros And Cons of Hybrid Cars #1. Slower Than Pure Gas-Powered Cars
A hybrid vehicle’s speed is limited. It is possible to travel at high speeds with this vehicle; however, doing so will drain your gas tank. Most times, you won’t be able to find a hybrid vehicle that is optimized for performance and high speeds. Acceleration lags and lower speed limits are usually associated with hybrids.
That would depend on the model and type of hybrid car in question. To get faster hybrid cars, you have to shell out more money. But, most hybrids aren’t as fast as pure gasoline cars. You won’t likely get a super-fast car from a hybrid lineup.
Pros And Cons of Hybrid Cars #2. Hybrid Cars Are Expensive
There is a significant price difference between a standard economy vehicle and a hybrid car. Hybrids cost more to lease or purchase than gas-powered automobiles. Some of the cheapest hybrid cars will save you at least $22,000. Because of the higher initial purchase price, a hybrid vehicle may be out of reach for certain individuals who are trying to stick to a strict budget.
Fuel savings may more than make up for this, and government subsidies like tax credits may be able to assist. However, shelling out this amount at once can discourage those on a tight budget. Overall, a hybrid car’s initial cost is likely greater than that of a conventional car. But, with the rising cost of gas and the ever-growing demands for these cars, you will likely enjoy higher resale value when you have to sell them.
Pros And Cons of Hybrid Cars #3. Higher Maintenance Cost
Hybrid cars usually come with an extensive warranty that would cover most areas of your car. However, a time comes when you have to maintain your car. Compared to parts for standard or other types of cars, hybrid vehicle parts are usually much costlier.
As hybrid cars become increasingly common, this may begin to alter; and the parts could become much cheaper. However, if anything goes wrong with your automobile that isn’t covered by the warranty, you’ll likely shell out more money than would be required to handle the same issue in pure gas cars.
Most hybrid car batteries usually take up to 241,000 kilometers before needing a replacement. Depending on the car model and battery type, that may cost around $2500 or more. The cost for engine repair is also on the high side. Although, not something you should expect in the first few years of driving your hybrid car.
Pros And Cons of Hybrid Cars #4. Weaker 12-volt Battery
Aside from the larger battery found in most hybrids, they usually come with an extra 12-volt battery that would power most other gadgets and functions in your car. Hybrid car owners have complained of the battery dying after a few months of buying their car. You have to take note of that and research the situation with the car model you wish to buy.
Also, the battery would easily drain when you are not mindful of its use. Leaving the interior lights of your car overnight could drain them just like your standard gas-powered car. So you have to be aware of that and take the necessary precautions as you won’t be able to start your car when that happens.
Pros And Cons Of Hybrid Cars #5. Higher Insurance Fee
Insurance companies know that owning and managing a hybrid vs. Electric car costs more. Hence, they will charge more insurance premiums. Usually, that’s because of a hybrid car’s pricey parts and components. The insurance premium for A Hybrid car will usually cost way higher than their gas-powered counterparts. Keep that in mind.
Pros And Cons Of Hybrid Cars #6. Temperature Affects Their Mileage More
According to the US Department of Energy (EPA), hybrid car mileage decreases by 30 to 34 percent at 20 degrees Fahrenheit than when it’s at 77 degrees Fahrenheit. That is unlike the 12 percent mileage decrease in gasoline cars under the same condition.
Smaller modern gas vehicles can be more fuel-efficient on express routes and highways than some hybrids, even at higher speeds. But hybrid cars are generally more economical than most cars.
Types of Hybrid Cars
Knowing the types of hybrid cars out there will give you a better understanding of the pros and cons of hybrid cars. Here are some of the many alterations and types of hybrid cars today:
Parallel Hybrid Cars
In parallel hybrid cars, the vehicle’s propulsion is provided by both a gas engine and an electric motor. They are connected in parallel to produce motion. The gas engine, the electric motor, and the transmission are often connected by clutches that are automatically adjusted to allow the vehicle to go forward.
Some mild parallel cars also use less powerful electric motors to power mini functions like acceleration and deceleration assist and auto-stop features.
You’d easily find parallel hybrid cars among popular brands like Toyota, Ford, Hyundai, Honda, Infiniti, Kia, Lexus, and Nissan.
Series hybrids, also known as range-extended hybrids, are cars with electric motors and gas engines that work together to replenish the battery pack. They are all-electric vehicles equipped with a range extender. A series hybrid car is propelled by an electric motor and may operate as an electric car as long as the battery pack’s energy supply is enough.
In most cases, the engine and the wheels are not mechanically connected. The range extender’s principal function is to recharge the battery when the car battery runs out of power.
The main aim of this configuration is to achieve a longer range and mileage on electric cars. A BMW i3 with a gas range-extender engine is an excellent illustration of this type of hybrid car.
The plug-in hybrid improves upon the typical hybrid idea by adding a much bigger battery pack. It has to be completely recharged using an external source of power. A lithium-ion battery often powers some plug-in hybrid vs. Hybrid, which has a higher overall energy storage capacity.
To save fuel, you may have to link to an electric source after each ride to avoid switching to the onboard gasoline engine to charge. Those who want to reduce on-road emissions by eliminating or at least decreasing ICE usage during everyday driving will find this setup appealing.
Some energy providers may provide additional incentives for plug-in customers during off-peak hours, further enhancing the plug-in option’s appeal. The extra battery storage is like a bigger gas tank; it enables longer distances to be covered entirely on electric power alone, saving money on gas.
Hybrid Vs. Electric Cars
Many people will mistake hybrids for electric cars. They are different. The electric motor is the only source of power for electric cars. You must charge these autos to move. A hybrid car engine, on the other hand, combines a gas-powered and an electric motor. Because they don’t use gas, electric cars are better for the environment than hybrids.
Buying a hybrid car provides the best of both worlds for car owners. The Toyota Prius was the first hybrid vehicle to be built on a large scale and was first launched in Japan in 1997. It saw many positive reviews and some drawbacks. The driving and brake energy are returned to the battery in hybrid autos. That is possible because of its regenerating brake system.
Most hybrid cars have a fuel economy rating of more than 50 miles per gallon (MPG). Gas-powered car owners have a significant opportunity to cut their total vehicle costs by switching to hybrid cars.
How Hybrid Cars Work
A hybrid car has both an electric motor and an engine that runs on gasoline. A hybrid system’s electric motor is battery-powered and responsible for generating torque, which turns the wheels. The gas engine is responsible for maintaining speed, especially while traveling at high speeds.
In series hybrid cars, the combustion engine also serves as a range extender or a battery charger. The electric motor can also charge the batteries through regenerative braking or via electric plug-ins as in plug-in hybrid cars.
During braking, the electric motor turns kinetic energy into electric power, which may then be used to recharge the battery pack. The braking system’s kinetic energy is conserved by regenerative braking.
When used with gas engines, electric motors produce no exhaust emissions and decrease the pollution threshold. The hybrid engine is also more efficient because of the stop-start function. If your battery is acting up, get a new one as soon as possible to keep driving smoothly.
Hybrid Cars: Advantages and Disadvantages
- Hybrid cars typically have two propulsion technologies: an electric motor powered by a rechargeable battery pack and an internal combustion engine (ICE).
- Hybrid vehicles have complex components that can make repairs more expensive than ICE vehicles. High voltage system repairs may require specialized equipment and knowledge.
- Hybrid cars can have a higher upfront cost compared to ICE vehicles. However, tax exemptions and federal incentives, lower running costs, and fuel savings can offset this initial expense.
- Hybrid cars may have less power and slower top-end acceleration than ICE vehicles due to space and size adjustments required for the two propulsion methods.
- Hybrid cars have environmental benefits such as greater fuel efficiency, reduced CO2 emissions, less fossil fuel dependency, and regenerative braking.
- Hybrid cars may require less maintenance than ICE vehicles due to less wear and tear on the engine.
- Hybrid cars may have a higher resale value as fuel-efficient vehicles become more popular.
- Hybrid cars do not have range anxiety, unlike battery-only electric vehicles, because they can rely on the ICE when the high voltage battery runs low on charge.
- Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) differ slightly from hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) as PHEVs can also be recharged by plugging a charging cable into an external electric power source.
Last Words On Pros And Cons Of Hybrid Cars
There are numerous pros and cons of hybrid cars. But its advantages seem to outweigh the drawbacks. In general, hybrid cars are dependable and need little to no maintenance for at least a few years after the purchase. Despite the mixed feelings around hybrid cars, many buyers are satisfied with their purchases.
You may now be wondering if you should buy a hybrid car. That’s entirely up to you. Despite the high initial cost of owning one, there are affordable hybrid cars to choose from. Generally speaking, hybrid vehicles are eco-friendly and will save you significant money in both maintenance and gas costs.
You will be able to select the Hybrid that is most suitable for you if you consider your requirements, the operation of hybrids, the benefits and drawbacks of hybrid cars, and the financial implications of owning one.
Do you drive a hybrid vehicle? How would you describe your experience so far? We’d love to hear from you in the comments section below.
Frequently Asked Questions About Pros And Cons Of Hybrid Cars
Here are some popular FAQs:
What Does Hybrid Mean
In Hybrid vehicles, Hybrid means a blend of two power sources working together to make your car move. It’s usually a combination of an internal combustion engine and an electric motor. In some cases, the gas engine’s work is to charge the battery powering the electric motor.
What Are The Pros And Cons Of Hybrid Cars
We have many pros and cons of hybrid cars. The major advantage is its Eco-friendliness. Hybrids are much eco-friendlier than their gas counterparts. You’ll also enjoy increased fuel efficiency and reduced need for maintenance, cutting down on maintenance costs. If you are in the USA, you also stand a chance to enjoy up to $7500 tax credits on hybrid cars. On the other hand, they aren’t totally green like electric cars. Also, they aren’t as fast on highways as their pure gas models, and you will likely experience lower mileage during winter seasons.
Are Hybrid Cars Worth It
Yes. Hybrid vehicles might be costly, but they are well worth the investment. You may have to pay a somewhat high price to get it, but in the long run, you will save money on gas, have less of an impact on the environment, and have an easier time maintaining it. Also, hybrid cars have a high market value. They resell well.
Do Hybrid Cars Use Gas
Yes. Hybrid cars use gasoline engines that are powered by gas. However, they require lesser gas because they usually crank with the electric motor while the gas engine supports them. Sometimes, you wouldn’t even need gas until the battery power goes down or you need to drive faster.
Why Should I Get An Electric Car
Get an electric car if you want to go totally green and save the cost of oil and gasoline. You also enjoy flexibility and ease in driving with electric cars. However, electric cars usually sacrifice performance and speed for comfort.
Do Hybrid Cars Need To Be Charged
Yes. Rechargeable batteries power the electric motor in hybrid cars. The battery can be charged by a regenerative brake system, the combustion engine, or via electric charging plug-ins.
How Much Does A Prius Weigh
A Toyota Prius weighs between 2500 pounds and 3400 pounds depending on the model and other optional features and configurations.
Are Hybrid Cars Good
Yes. Hybrid cars are excellent performing cars for those that want to contribute to a friendlier ecosystem while saving costs on gasoline. They require lesser maintenance and are usually sufficient for cruising around the city.