E-Rated Tires

E Rated Tires: Understanding Load Index And Ratings

Summary:

E-rated tires are designed for heavy-duty trucks, offering increased load capacity and durability. They're ideal for towing and hauling heavy loads, ensuring safety and performance.

With a 10-ply rating, they provide stability even under immense pressure. However, they might offer a stiffer ride compared to standard tires. It's crucial to check your vehicle's manual before opting for E-rated tires.

Wondering about the performance of E-rated tires? Those writings on the (tire) wall can be as confusing as quantum physics. For all you know, that’s the formulation to find dark matter in our universe. But don’t worry, that’s why we’re here. If you want to know more about E-rated tires and want to decipher those alphanumeric codes on your tires, here’s an explainer.

In addition, we’ll elaborate further on what e-rated tires are, as well as compare them against other tire load ratings and ranges. Moreover, we’ll provide some additional insights and buying recommendations when it comes to choosing the right e-rated tire. Additionally, you’ll also find more details about understanding whether e-rated tires are right for you.

E Rated Tires

Tires have multiple ratings for numerous aspects. When talking about E-rated tires, it can refer to two ratings. The first is the speed rating of a tire, which uses alphabet codes. However, an E-speed rating isn’t very common nowadays, as it means the tires can only handle 80mph.

Instead, when talking about E-rated tires, most people are referring to the load rating of the tires, which also uses an alphabet code. The load rating is the indicator to identify the ply-rating of the tires. The more layers or plies it has, the stronger the tires are and it can handle higher tire pressure at max load.

E-rated tires sit somewhere in the middle of the chart. It means that it has 10 plies, and E1-rated tires can handle up to 80PSI, while E2 tires can handle up to 65PSI.

E-Rated Tires

Keep in mind that this load rating only exists in Light Truck (LT) tires. This is because standard Passenger (P) tires have 4 plies across the range, while LT tires can be anywhere between 6 to 14 plies. Hence the need for a more complicated rating. Here’s the complete guide:

  • C1, 6-ply with max pressure at 50PSI
  • C2, 6-ply with max pressure at 35PSI
  • D1, 8-ply with max pressure at 65PSI
  • D2, 8-ply with max pressure at 50PSI
  • E1, 10-ply with max pressure at 80PSI
  • E2, 10-ply with max pressure at 65PSI
  • F1, 12-ply with max pressure at 95PSI
  • G, 14-ply with max pressure at 110PSI

Load Range E

When we dive into the world of tires, one of the first things to consider is the tire’s ability to bear weight. Enter load range E. These tires are often used for trucks and larger vehicles because of their enhanced capacity. They can handle a greater weight load, typically between 2,801 to 3,500 lbs per tire. Ideal for heavier tasks, they are more robust and built for endurance.

Load Range D

Before we had the E range, there was load range D. While still reliable, these tires support slightly less weight, ranging from 2,201 to 2,800 lbs per tire. They’re a favorite for many light trucks and larger SUVs. Remember, while they can handle a punch, they’re not quite as sturdy as E-rated tires.

Load Range C

Moving on to load range C, these tires are built for weights between 1,821 to 2,270 lbs per tire. Often spotted on lighter trucks and some SUVs, they’re versatile and common. They’re perfect for everyday tasks and can tackle most road conditions with ease.

Load Range B

As we tread lightly into the load range B, we find tires suitable for weights between 1,351 to 1,521 lbs. They’re less beefy than the C-rated ones, making them a good fit for smaller vehicles, like compact SUVs or larger sedans. They offer a smooth ride without compromising too much on weight-bearing capabilities.

Load Range F

On the heavier side, we have the load range F. Designed to handle immense pressure, these tires can support between 3,961 to 4,805 lbs. They’re a top choice for bigger commercial vehicles, or when towing heavy trailers. With these, you can trust the journey, no matter the cargo.

Load Range G

Even further up the ladder is load range G. It’s incredible to think of a tire supporting between 4,061 to 5,512 lbs per tire, but that’s exactly what these are crafted for. Suited for larger commercial vehicles, these tires ensure safety and durability for extreme loads.

Load Range H

The heavyweight champion in our list is load range H. They’re the titans of the tire world, supporting a staggering 5,512 to 6,904 lbs. These are the go-to tires for the largest of commercial trucks, ensuring that even the heaviest of hauls remain grounded and safe. In the end, choosing the right tire goes beyond just the aesthetics or brand name.

Each tire load range serves a specific purpose and is optimized for different vehicle weights and tasks. By understanding these ratings, you ensure safety, efficiency, and longevity for your vehicle. Whether you drive a small SUV or a massive commercial truck, there’s a perfect tire load range waiting for you.

Load Range SL

Diving into the realm of passenger vehicles, we encounter the load range Standard Load (SL). These tires are your standard choice for everyday passenger cars. They are optimized for a comfortable, quiet ride while providing the essential grip and performance we all desire for regular driving.

Typically, SL tires are designed with a maximum air pressure of 35-36 psi. The majority of sedans, minivans, and smaller SUVs come with SL tires from the factory.

Load Range XL

Transitioning to a more robust category, load range Extra Load (XL) tires come into play. These are designed for vehicles that require higher load-bearing capacity without switching to a light truck tire.  The significant difference?

It’s in the tire’s sidewall, which is constructed to handle a higher air pressure, typically around 41-42 psi. This means that the tire can support extra weight, up to 10% more than an SL tire of the same size. You’ll find XL tires on sportier sedans, some larger SUVs, or vehicles that frequently carry heavier loads.

While both SL and XL tires cater to passenger vehicles, the choice between them boils down to your vehicle’s requirements and your driving habits. Always check your vehicle’s owner manual or the label on the driver-side door jamb to determine the recommended tire type.

If you often find yourself hauling heavy loads or prefer a firmer ride, XL might be the way to go. Otherwise, for the average driver with standard commuting needs, SL should suffice.

Passenger Tire Load Rating

Passenger tires are the types of tires commonly used for cars and crossover SUVs. In other words, these are standard road tires not meant for offroading or heavy-duty use such as Light Truck tires.

Unlike those LT tires, Passenger tires have a much simple load rating. They are either SL which stands for Standard Load which can go up to 36PSI. Or XL which means Extra Load and you can inflate it up to 41PSI.

Why Is Load Rating Important

It’s important because when you carry heavy loads, you’ll want to increase the tire pressure. This is because heavy loads will push down on the tires, increasing their contact patch with the road. While this means more grip, it can lower fuel efficiency. Additionally, your tires may lose pressure more quickly due to the heavier load.

So, by increasing the tire pressure, you’ll prevent a flat tire whilst you’re driving, especially on longer drives. Many truck owners also say that having a higher tire pressure will prevent the trailer (if you’re towing any) from snaking, making it overall safer to drive. This is because higher tire pressure stiffens the tire wall, making it more rigid and stable.

Since not all tires are built equally, it’s important to consider your tire load rating to see how much PSI you can inflate it by. If you inflate to above the rating, you risk having a tire blowout since the tires are not strong enough to handle it.

E Rated Tires vs Other Load Ratings/Ranges

For additional insights into how e rated tires compare, here’s how it performs compared to other tire ranges and ratings:

Load Range D vs E

The journey of understanding tires starts with comparisons. For those who find themselves juggling between Load Range D and E, it’s essential to grasp the distinctions. E-rated tires, as you already know, can support between 2,801 to 3,500 lbs, making them a popular choice for trucks and more substantial vehicles.

In contrast, D-rated tires are slightly lighter on the scale, supporting 2,201 to 2,800 lbs, ideal for light trucks and larger SUVs. So, if you’re seeking a balance between weight-bearing capability and performance, E is your match. But for regular usage, with a little less weight, D works wonders.

Load Range C vs E

Now, contrasting Load Range C with E showcases a wider gap. C-rated tires can hold weights between 1,821 to 2,270 lbs. They’re versatile, catering to lighter trucks and a few SUVs. Transitioning to E-rated tires, you get the bonus of increased weight capacity.

The difference is prominent, nearly a thousand pounds in many instances. If you’re considering frequent heavy-duty tasks, you’d lean towards E. But for average everyday tasks, C should suffice.

Load Range B vs E

Comparing Load Range B with E, the divide grows further. B-rated tires, suitable for 1,351 to 1,521 lbs, are crafted more for smaller vehicles like compact SUVs. In direct comparison, E-rated tires stand out with their greater endurance and weight-bearing.

For those needing robust performance and higher weight support, E is the undisputed winner. However, for smooth urban commutes, B-rated tires will do just fine.

Load Range F vs E

Delving into the heavier side, contrasting Load Range F and E is interesting. F-rated tires, built for a massive 3,961 to 4,805 lbs, outshine E-rated ones in pure weight support. For substantial commercial use, towing heavy trailers, or extreme conditions, F is your top pick. On the other hand, for daily heavier tasks without reaching the zenith of tire performance, E remains reliable.

Load Range G vs E

Further up, comparing Load Range G with E illuminates the prowess of G-rated tires. Supporting between 4,061 to 5,512 lbs, they’re crafted for sheer power and extreme loads. Larger commercial vehicles benefit greatly from G.

Meanwhile, E-rated tires, although robust, cater to a slightly lesser weight range. When moving immense loads is the norm, G is the undisputed choice, but for regular heavy tasks, E holds its own.

Load Range H vs E

Pitting the titan, Load Range H, against E makes it clear: H is in a league of its own. With support for a jaw-dropping 5,512 to 6,904 lbs, they are unparalleled for the most massive commercial trucks. In comparison, E-rated tires are versatile and robust but not designed for the heaviest hauls.

For unmatched weight-bearing, H stands tall, while E remains a strong contender for hefty but not extreme loads.

Load Range SL vs E

Juxtaposing Standard Load (SL) against E brings out the distinct differences. SL tires, perfect for everyday passenger cars, are crafted for comfort and standard grip. E-rated tires, however, are in a different ballpark, designed for much heavier loads.

If you own a standard sedan or a minivan, SL is the usual fit. But when shifting towards more massive vehicles with substantial weight needs, E takes the lead.

Load Range XL vs E

Lastly, Extra Load (XL) vs E offers a nuanced comparison. While XL tires can support extra weight, up to 10% more than an SL, their construction is distinct. These are for vehicles needing a higher load capacity without switching to light truck tires.

E-rated tires, in contrast, have that light-truck design and a considerably higher weight support. For sportier drives and slightly heavier loads, XL shines. But for consistent heavy-duty usage, E emerges as the top choice.

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Load Index vs Load Rating

Pretty clear, right? But the load rating doesn’t tell us how much weight the tires can carry. For that, you’ll have to look at the tire load index. This is a numeric code that ranges anywhere between 0 to 150.

In passenger tires, it’s usually bunched up with the speed rating. So, as an example, it’ll be something like “93W” which means the tires have a load rating of 93 (1,443lbs), and a speed rating of W (up 168mph).

E-Rated Tires

LT tires also use the same numeric code for the load rating. However, they’re written a bit differently. Confusing? Don’t worry, we don’t blame you. Here are the key takeaways:

  1. E-rated tires refer to the load rating, which is how much pressure the tires can handle at max load.
  2. This rating is only used for Light Truck tires.
  3. Passenger-type tires use a simpler SL (Standard Load) and XL (Extra Load) rating.
  4. An E-rating means the tires can handle anywhere between 60 – 85 PSI.
  5. For the max load capacity, you’ll need to take a look at the load index, which is a numeric code between 0 – 150. The higher the number, the more weight it can carry.

Tire Load Index

The tire load index, simply put, is a numerical code that corresponds to the maximum weight a tire can safely carry when inflated to its optimal pressure. Let’s consider a scenario. If you’re going on a family trip with luggage and passengers, you’d surely want your tires to hold up, right?

This is where the load index becomes crucial. To ensure safety and optimum performance, always choose a tire with a load index matching or exceeding your vehicle’s specifications.

Tire Load Range

Moving on, tire load range refers to a tire’s ability to withstand a specified amount of pressure. In essence, it’s an indicator of the tire’s strength. Think of it as the muscle of the tire. Historically, tires were categorized as light, regular, or extra-duty.

Nowadays, the load range is usually represented by letters, with “C” being a common one for passenger vehicles. The higher the letter, the stronger the tire.

Tire Load Rating

Now, the tire load rating and the tire load index might sound similar, but there’s a slight difference. While both indicate how much weight a tire can bear, the load rating is typically associated with commercial vehicles.

In layman’s terms, it’s like a strength scorecard for bigger vehicles. So, for trucks or trailers, the load rating becomes a key factor in ensuring they’re equipped with tires strong enough for the cargo they haul.

Tire Speed Rating

Switching gears a bit, let’s talk about speed. The tire speed rating is a representation of the maximum speed a tire can handle while carrying its maximum load. This is critical for those who enjoy a spirited drive or highway commuting.

This rating is often a letter, like “S” or “T”. Remember, while your tire might have a high-speed rating, always adhere to legal speed limits and prioritize safety.

Tire Ply Rating

Lastly, we dive into the tire ply rating. Historically, this referred to the number of layers of cotton used in the tire. More layers, more strength. But with today’s technology, it’s a bit different. Modern tires use materials like steel, polyester, and nylon.

The ply rating now signifies the tire’s strength, but not necessarily the number of physical layers. It’s a testament to how the tire’s construction can handle stress and strain.

Tire Load Rating Chart

Load Range Ply Rating Typical Vehicles Maximum Pressure (psi)
B 4 Ply Passenger cars 35
C 6 Ply Light trucks, vans, and SUVs with normal load 50
D 8 Ply Light trucks and some heavy-duty vans with heavy load 65
E 10 Ply Trucks, vans, and SUVs with maximum load 80
F 12 Ply Heavy-duty trucks and trailers 95
G 14 Ply Larger trucks and commercial vehicles 110
H 16 Ply Extra heavy-duty trucks 130
J 18 Ply Industrial and some specialized trucks 150
L 20 Ply Extra industrial and specialized vehicles 175

Note: The psi values (pounds per square inch) mentioned in the chart refer to the maximum air pressure the tire can handle. Always refer to your vehicle’s manual or consult a tire expert to find the right load range and psi for your specific needs.

This table provides a general overview of tire load ratings, but it’s important to remember that actual tire specifications can vary depending on the tire brand, model, and specific application. It’s always advisable to refer to the tire’s sidewall markings or the manufacturer’s specifications to get accurate and detailed information.

When choosing tires for your vehicle, the load rating should be one of the key factors to consider. Using a tire with an inappropriate load rating can lead to premature tire wear, decreased fuel efficiency, and may pose safety risks.

Tire Load Range Chart

Load Range Maximum Load (lbs) at Max Pressure Commonly Used On
B 4,100 – 4,900 Passenger cars
C 5,000 – 6,000 Light trucks, vans, small RVs
D 6,500 – 8,000 Medium trucks, vans, mid-sized RVs
E 10,000 – 13,500 Heavy-duty trucks, large RVs, and some trailers
F 13,000 – 15,500 Larger trucks and some commercial trailers
G 16,000 – 19,500 Commercial trucks and some large trailers
H 20,000 – 23,000 Extra heavy-duty commercial trucks
J 24,000 – 28,000 Industrial trucks and specialized vehicles
L 28,500 – 33,000 Heavy industrial and specialized vehicles

Note: The weight values in the chart represent the maximum weight the tire can support when it is inflated to its maximum air pressure. The actual capacity might vary depending on the specific tire model and manufacturer. Always refer to the tire’s sidewall markings or the manufacturer’s specifications to get accurate information.

The load range of a tire indicates its strength and capability to bear weight. It is imperative to select a tire with the appropriate load range for your vehicle’s needs. Tires with a lower load range than required can be unsafe and lead to excessive wear, while those with a much higher load range than needed can compromise ride comfort.

Tire Load Index Chart

Load Index Maximum Load (lbs)
71 761
72 783
73 805
74 827
75 853
76 882
77 908
78 937
79 963
80 992
81 1,019
82 1,047
83 1,074
84 1,102
85 1,135
86 1,168
87 1,201
88 1,235
89 1,279
90 1,323
91 1,356
92 1,389
93 1,433
94 1,477
95 1,521
96 1,565
97 1,609
98 1,653
99 1,709
100 1,764
101 1,819
102 1,874
103 1,929
104 1,984
105 2,039
106 2,094
107 2,149
108 2,205
109 2,271
110 2,337
111 2,403
112 2,469
113 2,535
114 2,601
115 2,679
116 2,756
117 2,833
118 2,910
119 2,998
120 3,086
121 3,197
122 3,307
123 3,417
124 3,527
125 3,638
126 3,748

Note: The values in the chart are approximate and may vary slightly depending on the tire manufacturer and model. Always refer to the tire’s sidewall markings or consult the manufacturer’s specifications to get accurate and detailed information on the load index and its corresponding weight.

Tire Speed Rating Chart

Speed Rating Maximum Speed (mph) Recommended for
L 75 Off-road & Light Truck tires
M 81 Temporary spare tires
N 87 Temporary spare tires
P 93 Not often used in present-day vehicles
Q 99 Winter, studded tires
R 106 Light truck tires
S 112 Family sedans & vans
T 118 Family sedans & vans
U 124 Not often used in present-day vehicles
H 130 Sport sedans, coupes
V 149 Sports cars, high-performance sedans
Z 149+ Sports cars, high-performance sedans
W 168 Ultra-high performance; Autobahn capable
Y 186 Ultra-high performance; Autobahn capable
(Y) 186+ Extreme performance supercars

Note: The tire speed rating indicates the maximum speed a tire can handle when properly inflated and under its rated load capacity. However, just because a tire can handle high speeds doesn’t mean the driver should exceed posted speed limits. The ratings are designed to ensure tire safety at controlled speeds and conditions.

It’s essential to use tires with a speed rating that matches or exceeds what’s recommended for your vehicle. This will ensure the tires can handle the speeds the vehicle is designed to reach. Always refer to your vehicle’s owner’s manual or consult with a tire professional when choosing the right speed rating.

Light Truck Tires

As mentioned, Passenger and LT tires use the same universal code. However, they’re written a bit differently since they have more ratings. It all seems like gibberish, but let us try to help you understand it better. If you want to learn about Passenger tires, we wrote an in-depth guide in our article about all-season tires.

As for LT tires, to make it easier to explain, we’ll be using a popular tire size of the Michelin LTX tires. In this case, we’ll use the LT265/70R17/E, 121/118R tire rating, and decipher that. This is a popular tire size for both trucks and trailers.

There are plenty more markings on a tire, such as “M+S” which means Mud and Snow and is usually present for winter tires. However, we’ll focus on deciphering the size, load, and speed rating as those are the most crucial part:

Light Truck Tires, Factors #1: Tire Type And Size

The first and biggest letters and numbers you’ll probably notice are the tire type and size. In LT tires, the load rating is usually written with the tire type and size. Our example is LT265/70R17/E. As mentioned, the LT is the tire type and stands for Light Truck which means it’s meant for trucks, SUVs, and light trailers.

Here’s a more in-depth explanation about tire type:

  1. Passenger (P) which are the tires for cars and crossover SUVs. If the tire doesn’t have any letters at the front, this means it’s a Passenger-type tire.
  2. LT, as mentioned stands for Light Trucks. It has more plies and therefore is stronger which is why trucks and offroad vehicles use them.
  3. ST stands for Special Trailers which is a tire type for trailers for heavy-duty loads.
  4. T stands for Temporary and is the tire type for spare tires.

Meanwhile, the number after that (in this case 265) is the tire width in millimeters. The number after that (70) is a percentage of the tire wall height. The bigger the number, the higher the tire height which means the tire is thicker.

As for the ‘R’, that stands for Radial-type ply as opposed to diagonal bias-ply tires. You’ll often see bias-ply tires in trucks for commercial use. The number after that (17) indicates the wheel size the tire will fit. In this case, it will fit 17-inch wheels.

Finally, you get to the load rating of the tire which is E. As mentioned, this is a 10-ply tire and can withstand up to 60PSI at max load.

Light Truck Tires, Factors #2: Load Index And Speed Rating

In our example, the load index and speed rating are 121/118R. Unlike passenger tires, LT tires typically have two load index ratings, hence why it has two numbers (121 and 118). The first number indicates the maximum load it can withstand when used as a single tire. So, 121 means the tires can carry up to 2,469 lbs.

Meanwhile, the second number is the tire’s load index when it’s used as a dual tire. Dual tires mean that two tires are used together on one side, meaning a total of four tires on an axle.

Some heavy-duty trucks, such as the GMC Sierra 3500HD have dual tires on their rear axle. Some trailers that carry heavy-duty loads (such as a boat) also use dual tires.

But why is the load index lower when used as dual tires? Simply put, it’s industry practice to reduce the load index rating by 10% for dual tire uses since the inner tires often experience more load. In other words, it’s a safety margin.

As for the ‘R’ rating in our example is the speed rating. The tire speed rating is universal, so it’s the same as Passenger tires. In this case, R means the tire can safely travel up to 80mph.

Light Truck Tires, Factors #3: E1 Or E2 -Rated Tire

Simple, take a look at the tire width. If it’s more than 305mm, then it’s an E1-rate tire which means it can handle up to 80PSI. Meanwhile, tires under 305mm in width are E2-rate tires, which can “only” handle up to 65PSI.

Light Truck Tires, Factors #4: Do I Need E-Rated Tires

You will need E-rated tires if you carry a load of loads with your truck or SUV. Be it on your cargo bed or trunk, or by towing, having E-rated tires or stronger will help to ensure that your vehicle can cope with the load. There’s also a bit of a benefit to using these tires if you go offroad.

While E-rated tires are not quite as flexible (which is what you want when offroading) you can offset this by lowering the tire pressure. But thanks to the stronger construction, it helps to fend off punctures such as from sharp rocks. If you don’t do either of the things above, you won’t really benefit from having stronger tires.

E-Rated Tires Buying Guide

So, now you know about E-rate tires from what they are to what they’re good for. But which one to buy? Here’s our guide to choosing the right tire, and we’ll also give some quick recommendations later on:

E Rated Tires, Buying Guide #1: Mud, Highway, Or An All-Rounder

Trucks and SUVs have three different types of tires available: Highway-Terrain (H/T), All-Terrain (A/T), and Mud-Terrain (M/T). HT tires, as the name suggests, are designed to go on the road. Their tread depth is much shallower, which reduces friction and road noise, making it ideal for road and highway use.

A/T tires are the middle-road option. The tread depth is deeper, allowing it to have better traction on loose surfaces than HT tires. They’re also usually the most ideal when it comes to offroading on rocky surfaces. However, the deeper tread means it’s likely to create more road noise as you drive along.

E-Rated Tires

As for M/T tires, these are dedicated offroad tires with deep treads and tread patterns ideal for offroading. The deeper tread patterns mean it can handle loose surfaces like mud, sand, and gravel much better. However, this comes at a cost. It’s expensive, it makes a lot of noise on the road, and often worsens on-road performance and fuel economy due to the immense grip.

If you don’t take your vehicle offroading, H/T tires are your best friends. E-rated HT tires are few and far between though, but there are a few of them available.

Meanwhile, choosing between A/T and M/T tires is a matter of how often you go offroading, and how extreme is your offroading session. In most cases, A/T tires will suffice and will provide decent comfort on the road.

E Rated Tires, Buying Guide #2: Summer Or Winter

While truck tires have deep treads, they’re not all equal, especially when it comes to snow. Snow is much more complicated and slippery, so even M/T tires may not be any good with snow. For this reason, you’ll have to consider between all-season or snow tires.

If you live in a region that’s pretty much dry all year long, such as California, stick to summer tires. There’s no need to consider all the other types of tires.

Winter, all-season, and all-weather tires on the other hand are a bit more complicated. They have different tread patterns and compounds to suit different driving conditions.

The bottom line is if you live somewhere that snows for an extended period, such as Washington or Oregon, you’ll want snow tires. Their tread patterns are designed to deal with snow, giving you optimum performance.

If you live somewhere in between, consider all-weather tires. They have good performance in mild winter conditions and will provide good traction in the rain.

How about all-season tires then? Despite their name, all-season tires are not a “one tire to conquer them all” solution. All-season tires are actually geared towards dealing with dry conditions, with somewhat decent performance in mild winter conditions. Choose this if you live in an area with very mild winters.

E Rated Tires, Buying Guide #3: Know Your Load

Before making a purchase decision, consider the load you’ll be carrying. When it comes to tire size, you can just buy the size that your vehicle is currently running. You’ll only need to reconsider it when you buy new rims.

For example, if you currently have 18-inch rims and want to buy new 20-inch rims, then you’ll need new tires that will fit its diameter and width – should the width be different. But otherwise, you can just look for the same size.

However, you’ll definitely need to consider the tire’s load index if you’re going to be hauling stuff. To calculate this, you’ll need to know the weight of your vehicle as well as the things you’re going to haul or carry.

Pickup truck

As an example, let’s say your truck weighs 5,000 lbs. And then let’s say you’ll be hauling an extra 3,000 lbs, so that adds up to a total of 8,000 lbs. Assuming your truck has four wheels (no dual tires), divide that by four means you’ll need tires that have a load index of at least 105 (2094 lbs).

As for the trailer tires themselves (if you’re towing a trailer), we recommend sticking to the load range and index found on the trailer’s certification label or in the owner’s manual. Learn more about trailer tires here.

E Rated Tires, Buying Guide #4: Read Consumer Reviews

You’ll be surprised at how much you can learn from consumer reviews. Be sure to read online reviews of the tires you’re planning to buy to make sure that the tires live up to their claims and that there are no glaring issues. If a review has the same vehicle as you do, pay close attention to that.

Best E Rated Tires

Still not sure on which tire you should buy? Here are some quick recommendations from us you should consider:

E Rated Tires Recommendations, Highway-Terrain: Firestone Transforce HT2

If you don’t go offroading, the Firestone Transforce HT2 is probably for you. Firestone highlights quiet ride, fuel efficiency, and comfort as its key features. It’s available in many different sizes, with the smallest one being 215/85R16, to as large as 285/60R20, and many options in between.

The load index gets higher as well the larger you go, with the smallest tire having a load index of 115/112, and the larger ones going as high as 126/123. As for the speed rating, it varies between R and S, which is 106mph and 112mph respectively.

Reviews are mostly positive, with one review saying that it has excess tire wear but this seems to be an isolated issue. Meaning it’s likely a problem with the vehicle, not with the tires themselves. The price starts at around $179.

Keep in mind that this is an all-season tire, so winter performance won’t exactly be impressive.

E Rated Tires Recommendations, Best All-Around: Cooper Discoverer A/T3

Good high-speed cornering, the tread pattern is good off the road, and good control on both wet and dry surfaces. These are the review of the Cooper Discoverer A/T3, an all-season All-Terrain tire.

While Cooper Tires is not the first brand that comes to mind when you think of tires, there’s no denying they’ve made a good All-Terrain tire here as MotorTrend has proven.

Its biggest weakness seems to be mud and slushy snow, but apart from that, it’s a good allrounder on and off the road and starts at a reasonable $212.

E Rated Tires Recommendations, Best For Offroad: Goodyear Wrangler MT/R Kevlar

For extreme offroad needs, consider the Goodyear Wrangler MT/R Kevlar. Deep tread for maximum traction, good wet conditions performance, and Kevlar-reinforced sidewalls to resist those pesky punctures.

Keep in mind that this is a dedicated offroad tire, so it won’t exactly be comfortable or quiet on the road. Additionally, customers are reporting a decrease in fuel efficiency after using these tires. Price? It starts at around $269 for the smaller ones, but you may easily pay above $300 per tire depending on your tire size.

E Rated Tires Recommendations, Best For Snow: BFGoodrich All-Terrain T/A KO2

There are plenty of good winter tires out there, but we believe the BFGoodrich All-Terrain T/A KO2 is the best one if you’re looking for absolute performance on snow.

Come mud or snow, it’s an excellent performer and hence why offroad and truck enthusiasts love them. However, as you can probably tell, the deep and aggressive tread pattern means that it’s not the best for road use. Some customers have complained that it’s excessively loud while on the road.

Nevertheless, these are excellent for snow and that’s what we’re looking for here. The only downside is that it’s not studdable should you need help in icy conditions. For that, take a look at the Falken Wildpeak AT3W or the Goodyear Wrangler DuraTrac.

The BFGoodrich comes with a 50,000-mile treadwear warranty, and starts at a reasonable $219, although larger sizes are anywhere between $300 – $430 per tire.

E Rated Tires Recommendations, Best Budget Option: Kumho Road Venture APT KL51

If you’re on a tight budget, then the Kumho Road Venture APT KL51 is our pick. It’s a H/T tire, so you won’t be adventuring off the road in this, but if you need cheap E-rated tires, this one’s for you.

On the upside, it’s comfortable and quiet on the road. And of course, it’s considerably cheaper. The smaller ones start at around $118 per tire, while larger ones cost no more than $200.

E Rated Tires Recommendations, Best for Wet Roads: Michelin LTX A/T2

A good tire can spell the difference between maintaining control during a heavy downpour and hydroplaning. For wet conditions, the Michelin LTX A/T2 stands out. Its specially designed tread pattern efficiently channels water away, reducing the risk of hydroplaning.

Michelin ensures a blend of comfort for highway use and resilience for light off-roading. Customers have consistently noted its reliable wet grip, even after several thousands of miles. Starting at around $190 for the smaller sizes, it’s a worthwhile investment for those who frequent rain-soaked routes.

E Rated Tires Recommendations, Best for Longevity: Toyo Open Country A/T III

Wear life is often a top concern for vehicle owners. For those looking for longevity, the Toyo Open Country A/T III promises a blend of performance, comfort, and impressive tread life. With its distinct tread pattern, it offers a solid grip on various terrains.

Users praise its durability, especially those who cover long distances regularly. Toyo backs this with a considerable treadwear warranty, showcasing their confidence in the tire’s lifespan. Prices generally range from $215 and up, but considering the mileage you’ll get, it’s money well spent.

E Rated Tires Recommendations, Best for Fuel Efficiency: Bridgestone Dueler H/L Alenza

As fuel prices fluctuate, every mile per gallon counts. The Bridgestone Dueler H/L Alenza, apart from offering a smooth ride and solid grip, is also designed for fuel efficiency. Bridgestone’s unique tread compound and design reduce rolling resistance, which in turn can contribute to improved gas mileage.

This tire’s quality and performance, combined with its fuel-saving potential, make it a favorite among many SUV and light truck owners. Prices start around $185, a modest price for the potential long-term fuel savings.

E Rated Tires Recommendations, Best for Towing & Hauling: General Grabber HTS60

When hauling heavy loads or towing trailers, you need a tire that offers stability, grip, and durability. The General Grabber HTS60 has been praised by users for its solid performance under these demanding conditions.

Its reinforced construction ensures that it can handle the extra weight, while its tread pattern provides the necessary traction. Moreover, it offers a comfortable ride when not towing, making it versatile for everyday use. Prices for this robust tire start at approximately $165.

E Rated Tires Recommendations, Most Versatile: Nitto Terra Grappler G2 A/T

For those who need a tire to do a bit of everything, the Nitto Terra Grappler G2 A/T is an optimal choice. Whether it’s highway cruising, tackling muddy trails, or braving wet conditions, this tire is up for the task.

Transitioning between terrains feels seamless, a testament to its comprehensive design. Users often highlight its quiet road performance and reliability off-road. The starting price is around $210, a reasonable amount for the flexibility it offers.

In conclusion, while there are numerous tire options in the market, identifying the right one depends on individual needs and driving conditions. From budget-friendly choices to specific performance needs, this list aims to provide a comprehensive view of some of the best E-rated tire options available.

Before making a purchase, always consider your typical driving conditions and consult with a tire professional to ensure the best choice for your vehicle.

E-Rated Tires: In Conclusion…

To conclude load rating E means that it’s a 10-ply tire that can handle up anywhere between 60PSI to 85PSI when carrying the max load. To know the maximum weight capacity of a tire, you’ll need to check the load index. The higher the number, the more weight it can hold up.

E-rated tires are only necessary if you’re going to haul heavy loads. Increasing the tire pressure will help overall performance when carrying heavy loads, and E-rated tires will allow you to inflate the tires quite significantly (check out our guide on how to put air in tires at gas station). It also has offroad benefits, although tread patterns and depth matter more.

Unless you often haul heavy loads or go offroading often, there’s no need for E-rated tires. Chances are, the ones you have on your vehicle now are good enough.

E Rated Tires Essential Knowledge

  1. The tire load rating indicates how much weight a tire can carry and is determined by the number of tires and the load capacity of a single tire.
  2. The alphanumeric code on the sidewall of a tire contains important details about the tire, helping determine if it’s right for a vehicle or not.
  3. The load range of a tire is a measure of the tire’s strength and the allowable PSI and is indicated by a letter of the alphabet, typically from B to F.
  4. The load range E on a tire means that the tire has a ply rating of 10 and a maximum load pressure of 80 psi (550 kPa).
  5. The load range E is one of the highest load ranges available on the market and is ideal for carrying heavy loads with a truck.
  6. The modern construct of tires is made with fewer plies but without giving up the carrying capacity.
  7. Load range used to be related to the number of plies in a tire, but it now simply indicates the tire strength and the allowable PSI.
  8. The chart provided in the article gives a detailed list of load-carrying capacity index ratings for different load indexes and loads in pounds.
  9. It is important to check the vehicle’s instructions to determine the proper load range.
  10. The load ratings and load ranges of tires have an impact on both truck tires and passenger tires.

E-Rated Tires: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Here are some popular frequently asked questions (and their answers) about e rated tires…

What Does LT Mean on a Tire

LT stands for ‘Light Truck’. This means the tire is specifically designed for light trucks, including pickup trucks, SUVs, and vans. They are built to carry heavier loads than regular passenger car tires.

What Does XL Mean on a Tire

XL stands for ‘Extra Load’. An XL-rated tire can carry a heavier load compared to a standard tire of the same size. It’s important to note that XL doesn’t mean it’s bigger in size, but that it can handle more weight.

What Is Load Index on Tires

Load index indicates the maximum weight a tire can safely support when properly inflated. It’s a numerical code that corresponds to the maximum carrying capacity of a tire. Always ensure the load index matches or exceeds your vehicle’s requirements.

What Is Load Range E

Load Range E indicates a tire’s ability to carry a specific amount of weight. It’s often found on light truck tires. Tires with a Load Range E rating can handle a higher weight capacity compared to those with lower ratings.

What Is a Passenger Tire

A passenger tire is designed for passenger cars and some smaller SUVs. They focus on providing a smooth ride, good wet and dry traction, and long tread life. Passenger tires are not built for heavy loads like light truck tires.

What Does SL Mean on a Tire

SL stands for ‘Standard Load’. It’s a tire rating that means the tire is not reinforced and carries a standard amount of load. Always ensure the SL rating matches your vehicle’s requirements.

What Is Load Range SL

Load Range SL indicates that a tire has a standard load-carrying capacity. These tires are meant for vehicles that don’t carry heavy loads or pull heavy trailers. They are common on many passenger vehicles.

What Ply Is Load Range E

Load Range E typically refers to a 10-ply rating. However, modern tires might not have 10 physical layers. The term ‘ply’ is a carryover from when tires had multiple layers, but today’s technology allows fewer layers to provide the same strength.

What Load Index Is Load Range E

The specific load index for Load Range E can vary depending on the tire size. Generally, Load Range E tires might have load indexes ranging from 120 to 129, but always check the tire’s specifications for the exact load index.

What Does 115T Mean on a Tire

115T on a tire indicates two things. The number 115 is the load index, which tells you the tire’s maximum weight-carrying capacity. In this case, it can support 1,215 pounds. The letter T is the speed rating, signifying that the tire is rated for speeds up to 118 mph.

What Does BSW Mean on a Tire

BSW stands for ‘Black Sidewall’. This means the tire has a black sidewall without any additional markings or white letters. It’s purely an aesthetic feature and doesn’t impact the tire’s performance.

What Is 10 Ply Tires

10 ply tires refer to tires that historically had 10 layers or ‘plies’ of material. These are often referred to as Load Range E tires. However, with modern technology, these tires might not have 10 actual layers but will still have the strength and durability of traditional 10 ply tires.

What Does 113T Mean on a Tire

113T on a tire means two things. The number ‘113’ is the load index, indicating that the tire can support a weight of 1,157 pounds. The ‘T’ is the speed rating, which means the tire is rated for speeds up to 118 mph.

What Does HT Mean on a Tire

HT stands for ‘Highway Terrain’. HT tires are designed primarily for highway driving. They offer a smooth and quiet ride, with good stability and longevity, making them ideal for daily commutes and long trips.

How to Tell What Ply a Tire Is

To determine the ply of a tire, check its sidewall. The information will often be listed as ‘Load Range’ followed by a letter or as ‘PR’ followed by a number. For instance, ‘Load Range E’ or ’10PR’ typically indicates a 10 ply tire.

What Is 275 Tire Size in Inches

A tire labeled as ‘275’ indicates its width in millimeters. To convert it to inches, divide by 25.4. So, a 275mm wide tire is approximately 10.83 inches wide.

How to Tell If a Tire Is 10 Ply

To see if a tire is 10 ply, check its sidewall. You’re looking for markings like ‘Load Range E’ or ’10PR’. Both of these usually indicate a tire equivalent to the traditional 10 ply rating.

What Does 10PR Mean on a Tire

10PR stands for ’10 Ply Rating’. This doesn’t mean the tire has 10 physical layers, but rather it’s equivalent in strength and durability to the old tires that had 10 layers or plies.

What Load Range Tire Do I Need

The required load range for your tire depends on your vehicle’s weight and its intended use. Always refer to your vehicle’s owner’s manual or the tire placard on the doorjamb for the recommended tire load range. If you frequently carry heavy loads or tow a trailer, you might need a higher load range.

How Tires Are Rated

Tires are rated based on several factors: load capacity (load index), speed capability (speed rating), treadwear, traction, and temperature. These ratings are determined through standardized tests, and they can typically be found on the tire’s sidewall or in the tire’s specifications.

What Is Speed Rating R

A tire with a speed rating of ‘R’ is designed to handle speeds up to 106 mph. Remember, the speed rating indicates the maximum safe speed for the tire under optimal conditions.

What PSI Should Semi Truck Tires Be

The proper PSI (Pounds per Square Inch) for semi-truck tires can vary based on the tire’s design and the load it’s carrying. Typically, steer tires run between 100-110 PSI, drive tires around 80-100 PSI, and trailer tires between 85-100 PSI. Always consult the tire manufacturer’s recommendations and regularly check tire pressure for safety.

How Tall Is a 225/75R15 Tire

The ‘225’ indicates the tire’s width in millimeters. The ’75’ is the aspect ratio, signifying that the height is 75% of the width. To calculate the height: 225mm x 0.75 = 168.75mm. Convert this to inches (168.75 ÷ 25.4) to get approximately 6.65 inches. Remember, this is just the sidewall height. The overall diameter includes the rim, so add 15 inches (from the ‘R15’) twice: 6.65 + 6.65 + 15 = 28.3 inches in total diameter.

Are 10 Ply Tires Good

Yes, 10 ply tires, often known as Load Range E tires, are known for their durability and ability to handle heavy loads. They’re especially suitable for trucks, SUVs, and vehicles that haul or tow heavy items.

What Is E1 Load Range

As of writing, ‘E1’ isn’t a standard designation for load range. Typically, light truck tires use simple letters like B, C, D, E, and F to indicate load range. Always refer to the tire manufacturer’s specifications to understand any unique or proprietary ratings.

Do 10 Ply Tires Last Longer

10 ply tires are designed for durability and can handle heavier loads. While they’re often more robust and wear-resistant, longevity also depends on driving habits, road conditions, and proper maintenance. In general, a 10 ply tire might last longer under heavy-duty use than a standard passenger tire.

What Does XL/RF Tires Mean

XL/RF stands for ‘Extra Load/Reinforced’. This means the tire is designed to carry more weight than a standard tire of the same size. XL and RF are often used interchangeably by different tire manufacturers to indicate this enhanced load-carrying capability.

Can I Use T Rated Tires Instead of H

Yes, you can use T-rated tires instead of H-rated tires, but remember that T-rated tires have a lower speed rating (118 mph) compared to H-rated tires (130 mph). If you don’t intend to drive at higher speeds, T-rated tires might suffice. However, always consider your vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations for optimal safety and performance.

Can I Use W Rated Tires Instead of V

Yes, you can use W-rated tires instead of V-rated ones. W-rated tires have a higher speed rating (up to 168 mph) compared to V-rated tires (up to 149 mph). This means W-rated tires can safely handle higher speeds than V-rated ones. Always ensure that your tire choice meets or exceeds your vehicle’s requirements.

What Is a 285 Tire Equivalent To

A tire labeled as ‘285’ refers to its width in millimeters. If you’re looking for its width in inches, you’d divide by 25.4, making a 285mm tire approximately 11.22 inches wide. If you’re seeking an equivalent tire size in a different measurement or an older measurement system, you’ll need additional details such as aspect ratio and rim diameter.

How to Change a Dolly Tire

Changing a dolly tire is similar to changing a regular vehicle tire: 1) Ensure the dolly is on a stable, level surface. 2) Secure the dolly to prevent any movement. 3) Use a jack to lift the dolly off the ground, ensuring the jack is placed under a strong part of the dolly’s frame. 4) Remove the lug nuts or bolts with a wrench. 5) Remove the old tire. 6) Position the new tire onto the hub. 7) Hand-tighten the lug nuts or bolts. 8) Lower the dolly from the jack. 9) Tighten the lug nuts or bolts in a star pattern using a wrench.

What Ply Tire for 1/2 Ton Truck

For a 1/2-ton truck, a 4-ply (Load Range B) or 6-ply (Load Range C) tire is often sufficient for everyday use. However, if you frequently carry heavy loads or tow trailers, consider a higher ply or load range. Always refer to the truck manufacturer’s recommendations.

Do I Need E Rated Tires

Whether you need E-rated tires (Load Range E, typically equivalent to 10-ply) depends on your vehicle’s requirements and usage. If you have a heavier vehicle like a 3/4 or 1-ton truck, or if you frequently tow or carry heavy loads, E-rated tires might be appropriate. Always check your vehicle’s recommended tire specifications.

How to Read Trailer Tire Size

Trailer tire sizes are usually written similarly to car tires. For example, ST225/75R15: 1) ‘ST’ denotes it’s a Special Trailer tire. 2) ‘225’ is the width in millimeters. 3) ’75’ is the aspect ratio, indicating the sidewall height is 75% of the tire’s width. 4) ‘R’ indicates it’s a radial tire. 5) ’15’ is the rim diameter in inches.

Can You Put XL Tires on Any Car

XL (Extra Load) tires are designed to carry more weight than standard tires. You can put XL tires on any car as long as they fit the car’s rim and don’t interfere with any part of the vehicle. However, ensure they meet or exceed the car manufacturer’s recommended load capacity.

Where to Find Load Range on Tire

The load range is typically found on the tire’s sidewall. It’s usually denoted by a letter or a combination of letters, such as ‘SL’ for Standard Load or ‘E’ for Load Range E. The sidewall will also contain other tire specifications, such as its size, load index, and speed rating.

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